Researchers have grown three-dimensional salivary gland tissue that produces saliva like normal glands when implanted into mice. Scientists from Showa University and the Riken Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research in Japan used embryonic stem cells, which have the ability to transform into many types of cell to create an organoid. The study was published in the journal Nature Communications.
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Cleveland Clinic researchers have found that better cardiorespiratory fitness leads to longer life, with no limit to the benefit of aerobic fitness. Researchers retrospectively studied 122,007 patients who underwent exercise treadmill testing at Cleveland Clinic between Jan. 1, 1991, and Dec. 31, 2014, to measure all-cause mortality relating to the benefits of exercise and fitness. The paper was published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association Network Open.
NHS patients are being let down by a global health innovation system which fails to deliver the treatments they need at prices that government can afford, according to a new report led by Professor Mariana Mazzucato, in collaboration with STOPAIDS, Global Justice Now and Just Treatment.
Researchers have now revealed how the inner ear processes speech. The discovery is an important addition to our understanding of how the inner ear and our sense of hearing function. They show how the inner ear processes speech, something that has until now been unknown. The study was published in Nature Communications.
Diabetes reduces the immune system's ability to fight certain infections. This raises the risk of dangerous diseases from vaccines to protect against-including flu, pneumonia, hepatitis B, tetanus and shingles.
People with diabetes may be at higher risk of getting certain diseases and also serious problems from diseases that could have been prevented with vaccines. Everyone should know what vaccines they need to protect themselves and discuss with their doctor if they are up to date with the vaccines.
Researchers examined the process in which new neurons were designated for certain roles, and found that changes in gene expression over the course of neural development were significantly associated with genetic risk for schizophrenia.
They have established a new analytical method for investigating the complex genetic origins of mental illnesses using brain cells that are grown in a dish from human embryonic stem cells. The study was published in Biological Psychiatry.
Frailty is a health condition that increases risks of poor health, falls, disability, and death in older adults. Signs of frailty include weakness, weight loss, slow walking speed, exhaustion, and low levels of activity. As our population ages, scientists expect that more and more of us will need to address frailty and its associated health concerns
A bioelectronic medicine device was effective in reducing pain and fatigue in patients with lupus, according to Feinstein Institute for Medical Research Professor Cynthia Aranow, MD, who will present pilot clinical trial results Tuesday at the American College of Rheumatology/Association of Rheumatology Professional's (ACR/ARHP) Annual Meeting
Biochemists, microbiologists, drug discovery experts, and infectious disease doctors have teamed up in a new study that shows antibiotics are not always necessary to cure sepsis in mice. Instead of killing causative bacteria with antibiotics, researchers treated infected mice with molecules that block toxin formation in bacteria
For premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), skin-to-skin contact with parents influences levels of hormones related to mother-infant attachment (oxytocin) and stress (cortisol) – and may increase parents' level of engagement with their infants, reports a study in Advances in Neonatal Care, official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
An unhealthy population of microbes in the mouth triggers specialized immune cells that inflame and destroy tissues, leading to the type of bone loss associated with a severe form of gum disease, according to a new study in mice and humans