All news from Anatomy

Reduced Mortality with Increased Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Experts Find

Cleveland Clinic researchers have found that better cardiorespiratory fitness leads to longer life, with no limit to the benefit of aerobic fitness. Researchers retrospectively studied 122,007 patients who underwent exercise treadmill testing at Cleveland Clinic between Jan. 1, 1991, and Dec. 31, 2014, to measure all-cause mortality relating to the benefits of exercise and fitness. The paper was published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association Network Open.

Diabetes Type 1 And Type 2 Adult Vaccination

Diabetes reduces the immune system's ability to fight certain infections. This raises the risk of dangerous diseases from vaccines to protect against-including flu, pneumonia, hepatitis B, tetanus and shingles.

People with diabetes may be at higher risk of getting certain diseases and also serious problems from diseases that could have been prevented with vaccines. Everyone should know what vaccines they need to protect themselves and discuss with their doctor if they are up to date with the vaccines.

Human Neuronal Differentiation For Functional Investigation of Schizophrenia Polygenic Risk

Researchers examined the process in which new neurons were designated for certain roles, and found that changes in gene expression over the course of neural development were significantly associated with genetic risk for schizophrenia.

They have established a new analytical method for investigating the complex genetic origins of mental illnesses using brain cells that are grown in a dish from human embryonic stem cells. The study was published in Biological Psychiatry. 

Physical Activity Lowers Risk of Death From Heart Disease

Frailty is a health condition that increases risks of poor health, falls, disability, and death in older adults. Signs of frailty include weakness, weight loss, slow walking speed, exhaustion, and low levels of activity. As our population ages, scientists expect that more and more of us will need to address frailty and its associated health concerns

For Preterm Infants, Skin-to-skin Contact Affects

For premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), skin-to-skin contact with parents influences levels of hormones related to mother-infant attachment (oxytocin) and stress (cortisol) – and may increase parents' level of engagement with their infants, reports a study in Advances in Neonatal Care, official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses