All news from General Medicine

Glutamine Has Powerful Gut-Healing Properties

Bone broth is renowned for reducing gut inflammation and improving digestive health. In fact, it’s a traditional superfood. But the bone broth isn’t for everyone, which is why if you’re looking to reap the powerful digestive-healing benefits of bone broth as a vegan, then you need to know about glutamine.

Impact of Juul Use on Teenagers and Young Adults

Teens and young adults who use Juul brand e-cigarettes are failing to recognize the product's addictive potential, despite using it more often than their peers who smoke conventional cigarettes, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The findings, from an ongoing Stanford project addressing the use and perceptions of tobacco products by California youth is published in the journal JAMA Network Open.

Postoperative Brain Function In Patients After Anesthesia & Surgery

A multidisciplinary, international group of experts has recommended changing the way clinicians and patients describe cognitive changes experienced in some patients after anesthesia and surgery.

The study was published in the journal Anesthesiology, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), Acta Anaesthesologica Scandinavica, Anesthesia & Analgesia, British Journal of Anaesthesia, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia and the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Palliative Care Must Happen Before Death

Our experience of death obviously shapes the final moments of our own life. It also shapes the experience and remains in the memories of those around us. Around 160,000 Australians die each year, but few achieve the type of death they would like.

Some 60% of us would like to die at home, but less than 10% are able to. Up to 30% are admitted to intensive care before they die in hospital. As an intensive care specialist for more than two decades, my colleagues and I do the best we can to provide high-quality end-of-life care.

One In Four ALD Patients Return To ICU

Two in three ALD patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) survived for less than a year afterward. The findings highlight the need for increased support for ALD patients after they leave the hospital.

The study was published in Critical Care Medicine. The number of intensive care admissions for ALD are increasing in the UK but, until now, little was known about the long-term consequences for patients following time spent in critical care.

Researchers at the University of Edinburgh looked at anonymized records of over 8000 ICU admissions in Scotland over six years to make their findings. Their study is the first to create a snapshot of ALD patients for a nation.

Genetic Code Is Dormant In Astronauts During Hibernation

Bears do it. So do groundhogs, squirrels, turtles, and many other animals. Humans, however, can’t hibernate at least not right now. But scientists exploring the genetic underpinnings of hibernation in animals think they may be able to unlock the same biological superpower in humans.

That feat could transform medical care during both routine surgeries and dire medical emergencies when patients cannot immediately get access to lifesaving treatment. It could also make it possible for astronauts to snooze their way on long missions to Mars and other destinations in deep space.

Systematic Review & Meta?analysis Of Ketamine as an Alternative to Opioids for Acute Pain In The ED

Intravenous, low-dose ketamine (LDK) is as effective as intravenous morphine in the control of acute pain in adults in the emergency department (ED). The study was published in the issue of Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM), a journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM). The results indicate that ketamine can be considered as an alternative to opioids for ED short-term pain control.

New Insights Into Gene Underlying Circadian Rhythms

Innovative cardioprotective strategies are of imminent demand. Nonfatal myocardial ischemia (MI) poses a significant risk to patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery and these non-cardiac surgeries account for around 8 million myocardial injuries per year.

Considering perioperative MI is the most common major cardiovascular complication, identifying factors that lead to cardiac disease onset and finding solutions to prevent potential cardiac damage is of critical importance.

Previous work revealed that anesthetics used in the perioperative setting alter the cellular circadian biology and furthermore, a critical role for the circadian rhythm protein Period 2 (PER2) was revealed in promoting cardioprotection through metabolic pathway mediation.