All news from Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh

Bangladesh has Lower Investment for Education and Health Care

Bangladesh ranks 161st in the world for its investments in education and healthcare as measurements of its commitment to economic growth, according to the first-ever scientific study ranking countries for their levels of human capital. The nation placed just behind Djibouti (ranked 160th) and just ahead of Togo (162nd). The United States ranked 27th, while India placed 158th.

Soccer Heading: Women's Brains are More Affected than Men's

Women's brains are much more vulnerable than men's to injury from repeated soccer heading, according to a new study by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, part of Montefiore. The study found that regions of damaged brain tissue were five times more extensive in female soccer players than in males, suggesting that sex-specific guidelines may be warranted for preventing soccer-related head injuries. The results were published online in Radiology.

Eliminating Staphylococcus aureus: Good Bacterium in Probiotic Digestive Supplements Helps

A new study from the National Institutes of Health and its partners shows that a "good" bacterium has been found in probiotic digestive supplements to help eliminate Staphylococcus aureus, a type of bacteria that can cause serious antibiotic-resistant infections.

The researchers, led by scientists at NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), unexpectedly found that  Bacillus bacteria prevented  S. aureus bacteria from growing in the gut and nose of healthy individuals. Then, using a mouse study model, they identified exactly how that happens. Researchers from Mahidol University and Rajamangala University of Technology in Thailand collaborated on the project.

Ebola Cases Doubled Since September, Findings

The rate of new Ebola cases has more than doubled since September after rebel violence in northeastern Congo caused response efforts to be briefly suspended, health officials said. In a statement, the International Rescue Committee said it was "alarmed" that there were 33 new cases between Oct. 1 and Tuesday, versus 41 cases during all of September.

Amino Acid Improve Glucose Control In Diabetes

The discovery of a previously unknown effect of the amino acid alanine on cell metabolism could lead to new drugs for short-term control of blood glucose. It appears that the amino acid activates an enzyme called AMP kinase (AMPK) that increases energy production in cells.

This results in a short-term reduction in blood glucose that does not involve insulin. The study was published in the journal Molecular Metabolism.

Perioperative Pain Management in Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

Although there has been an increasing focus on addressing opioid use disorders (OUDs) in outpatient settings, there is a dearth of research regarding perioperative pain management in people with a history of OUD. Opioid tolerance and medications used for OUD treatment present significant challenges in this setting.

Patients with OUD have been shown to have lower pain tolerance, increased sensitivity to pain, and comorbid chronic pain conditions compared [with] opioid-naive control groups” and the risk for relapse is a significant concern for those in recovery. The study was published in Anesthesia and Analgesia.

Patients Family Learn About Hospice Care

Palliative and hospice care " address the needs of the whole person, which is the foundation of Catholic health care," said Sister Carol Keehan, a Daughter of Charity, who is president and CEO of the Catholic Health Association, based in St. Louis. She made the comments in an Oct. 8 news release issued jointly by CHA and the Supportive Care Coalition in Hillsboro, Oregon, to mark World Hospice and Palliative Care Day Oct. 13.

Deep Space Travel Cause Cancer in Astronauts

When Elon Musk unveiled SpaceX's plans for sending humans to Mars in September 2016, he had a remarkably cavalier attitude towards the dangers of space radiation. There's going to be some risk of radiation, but it's not deadly," he told the audience in Guadalajara, Mexico back then.

There will be some increased risk of cancer, but I think it's relatively minor. The radiation thing is often brought up, but I think it's not too big of a deal. The study was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.