All news from Anaesthesiology

Enzymes Used to Boost Immune System In Cancer Treatment

System eradicates unwanted cells rather than directly killing them. PEG-KYNase is an enzyme that researchers at the University of Texas are utilizing in a new effort to fight cancer. The enzyme doesn’t directly kill cancer cells; rather, it empowers the immune system to remove the unhealthy cells by its own enhanced functioning.

The study was published in a recent issue of Nature Biotechnology.

Stem Cell Could Repair Blood Vessels

Scientists that we funded have identified a new source of stem cells which help to build blood vessels in the growing embryo. It changes scientific understanding of how blood vessels are made and brings scientists one step closer to using stem cells to grow new blood vessels and repair damaged ones. The study was published in today in Nature.

Electron Microscope Views The Image In Maximum Size

The average microscope, or optical microscope, can only maximize the view of an object by 10,000. Whilst the optical microscope has led to some great discoveries in science, it has nothing on the electron microscope, which can amplify the view of its subject by 100,000%.

For one week only two electron microscopes (each costing a cool $70,000 each) will be based at the Naracoorte High School. Each class will have the opportunity to gaze at things such as plants, minerals, and insects in high definition.

HPV Vaccine Reduce Risk Of Transmitting Devastating Throat Disease To Children

The human papillomavirus, or HPV, has been a well-recognized risk factor for developing several types of cancers. Initially, it was a known precursor to cancers of the cervix, with certain sub-types of the virus predisposing women to HPV lesions (genital warts) and formation of cancerous growths.

In more recent years, the association of HPV and head and neck cancers, specifically those of the tonsil, larynx (voice box), tongue, and sinus in otherwise healthy under 65-year-old non-smokers and non-drinkers has led to HPV-related head and neck cancers becoming known as 'baby-boomer' cancers.

Malnutrition Is An Issue For More Than Half Of Patients In Intensive Care

They have known for a long time that certain patients in the intensive care unit recover faster and have better clinical outcomes if they receive enough nutrition. Often, critically ill patients require tube feeding in order to get the nutrition and calories they need while receiving respiratory therapy and mechanical ventilation.

Patients In The ICU

However, many patients in the ICU have their feeding tubes taken out and are encouraged to eat and drink, as soon as they no longer need this respiratory therapy. Our research shows that more than half of patients in intensive care units don't get enough nutrition because they eat less than a third of their meals.

Intensive Care

Of particular concern are patients who stay in intensive care for longer periods and whose nutritional intake remains poor even after they leave the ICU.

Use of Interpreter Services in the Emergency Department

Emergency department interpreters are vital to quality care, according to an article published in the October issue of the Annals of Emergency Medicine. Researchers write that about 8 percent of the U.S. population older than 5 years has limited English proficiency.

This language barrier can compromise care during a medical emergency. Yet interpreter services may be underutilized because of a lack of hospital resources, a lack of trained and available personnel, or a lack of guidelines for emergency health care providers in a specific hospital or state.