All news from Anaesthesiology

Treatable Diseases not the Heathcare Access for More Indians deaths

Some 2.4 million Indians die of treatable conditions every year, the worst situation among 136 nations studied for a report published in The Lancet. Poor care quality leads to more deaths than insufficient access to healthcare–1.6 million Indians died due to the poor quality of care in 2016, nearly twice as many as due to non-utilisation of healthcare services (838,000 persons).

Pigment Loss With White Spots On Skin Causes Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a common skin condition where there is loss of pigment with white spots or patches on different areas of the body. This condition is thought to have a genetic or autoimmune component. The most common areas affected are the face, hands, arms, legs and sometimes the genital areas.

Anyone can develop vitiligo, and most that develop it are in good health. Vitiligo is not contagious and it is treatable. However, treatment can take up to two years to regiment the affected areas. 

Emergency Department Implementation Of CDC Brain Injury Guidelines

New evidence-based guidelines, developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) with input from the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) and others put forward recommendations for a broad range of health care providers responsible for detection and management of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury, most of which are concussions.

The CDC recommendations are outlined in an Annals of Emergency Medicine editorial and span diagnosis, prognosis, management and treatment in a variety of clinical settings. From 2005-2009, there were almost 3 million emergency visits for pediatric mild traumatic brain injury, according to the CDC.

Potential Biomarker For Autism

Investigators at the UC Davis MIND Institute and NeuroPointDX, a division of Stemina Biomarker Discovery, have identified a group of blood metabolites that could help detect some children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Part of the Children's Autism Metabolome Project (CAMP), the largest metabolomic ASD study ever attempted, these findings are a key step toward developing an ASD biomarker test. The study was published in the journal Biological Psychiatry.

Association Between High-sensitive Troponin And CV Using CMR

Researchers have now able to show that cardiac damage can be diagnosed in a patient-friendly way by heart imaging- ahead of the clinical symptoms.Systemic inflammatory diseases, such as lupus, often cause cardiac damage that goes undetected.

The number of diagnoses of systemic lupus erythematodes (SLE) has tripled over the past 45 years due in part to improved diagnostic methods. Lupus is a systemic inflammatory disease which can affect several organs; most frequently the kidneys, skin, brain and the heart. Involvement of the heart is important as it determines these patients' outcome, yet as it carries on silently for a long time, it may go undetected and untreated for a long time.

Specilized Neurons For Proper Breathing Rhythms At Birth

The common expression, 'As easy as breathing,' is truly misleading. Breathing, as it is performed by higher vertebrates, is a complex biological function involving many types of neurons. It requires chemosensory neurons to sense oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood and motor neurons to control muscle movement.

It also needs specialized neurons to establish correct breathing rhythms at birth and subsequently maintain it throughout life. The mechanism by which actions of these diverse groups of neurons are finely orchestrated to produce precise breathing rhythms has remained a mystery. The study was published in the journal eLife.

No Accuracy from Mouse Models in Mimicking Severity of Gonorrhea Infection, Findings

There is an urgent need to develop a vaccine to prevent gonorrhea infection due to rapidly increasing incidence and growing antibiotic resistance.

BUSM researchers have been investigating the use of animal models of gonorrhea, to study how the infection evolves and for potential use to determine the efficacy of next-generation vaccines. They found that the mouse model may not fully reflect the severity of the infection and the types of immune responses seen in humans.

'Jumpstart' Rhythmic Breathing at Birth, Mechanism Elaborated

The common expression, 'As easy as breathing,' is truly misleading. Breathing, as it is performed by higher vertebrates, is a complex biological function involving many types of neurons. It requires chemosensory neurons to sense oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood and motor neurons to control muscle movement.

It also needs specialized neurons to establish correct breathing rhythms at birth and subsequently maintain it throughout life. The mechanism by which actions of these diverse groups of neurons are finely orchestrated to produce precise breathing rhythms has remained a mystery. The study is published in the journal eLife.