Researchers reviewed the mechanisms responsible for vascular damage from air pollution together with scientists from the UK and the USA. Air pollution and fine dust, in particular, is responsible for more than four million deaths each year. Almost 60% of deaths occur as a result of cardiovascular diseases. The study was published in the latest issue of the European Heart Journal.
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“Only Swasth Bharat can be a Samriddha Bharat. India cannot realize its demographic dividend without its citizens being healthy,” said Mr. Arun Jaitley, the Union Finance Minister while announcing the health budget for 2018-19, which is estimated to be around Rs 52,800 crore.
Children with certain types of brain tumors who undergo radiation treatment are less likely to recall the specifics of events they experienced after radiation than to remember pre-treatment happenings, according to a Baylor University study comparing them to children with healthy brains.
Young people who received radiation therapy for the most common pediatric brain tumor struggle to create new memories about specific events, according to a study of children and adolescents published in JNeurosci. Their ability to recall events prior to treatment, however, remains intact.
A Marine recruit who became ill after exposure to E. coli at Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego, last year, and suffered kidney failure and seizures as a result of his illness, has filed a federal lawsuit against a food manufacturer saying its negligent handling of food cost him an opportunity to serve in the military.
Scientists have shown that coastal waters and river estuaries can exhibit unique vulnerabilities to acidification than offshore waters. This acidification, detected in waters off the United States West Coast and the Gulf of Mexico, can lead to disorientation and cognitive problems in some marine fish species, such as salmon, sharks, and cod.
The human body produces many antimicrobial peptides that help the immune system fend off infection. Scientists hoping to harness these peptides as potential antibiotics have now discovered that other peptides in the human body can also have potent antimicrobial effects, expanding the pool of new antibiotic candidates. The study appears in the journal ACS Synthetic Biology.
The 1918 "Spanish Flu" was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, killing 50-100 million people. To this day influenza is a major health concern, having killed another 50-100 million people since 1918. The most recent pandemic was the H1N1 flu outbreak in 2009.
A newly published meta-analysis has discovered that even short breaks from prolonged sitting can reduce some of the adverse metabolic effects associated with it. Short stints of low-level activity can make a real difference.
The biggest hurdle to finding effective therapies for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) – a life-threatening condition in which the lungs become scarred and breathing is increasingly difficult – has been the inability to fully model the disease in animals, limiting the ability to observe and understand the disease.
Now, a team of researchers from Penn Medicine has developed the first mouse model with an IPF-associated mutation, which induces scarring and other damage similar to what is observed in humans suffering from the condition. The findings are published this week in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
The results of a large, international systematic review published in the journal PLOS Medicine show that tuberculosis treatment is successful in children with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The study was used to inform the World Health Organization guidelines on treatment of MDR-TB in children.
Girls and young women who initiate the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series between ages 15 and 20 years and receive all three doses are adequately protected against cancers caused by HPV infection, new data suggest. Catch-up vaccination among those ages 21 to 26 does not provide the same benefit, however.