According to a study, researchers have shown that alcohol intake trajectories differ in their associations with biomarkers of cardiovascular functioning, but it remains unclear if they also differ in their relationship to actual coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence. The study was published in the open access journal BMC Medicine that examined data on 35,132 individuals.
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A new position statement from the American Diabetes Association (ADA) addresses the challenges of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents, offering advice on comprehensive management. The study is published online in Diabetes Care
Researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum have analyzed why certain people tend to put tasks off rather than tackling them directly. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), they identified two brain areas whose volume and functional connectivity are linked to an individual's ability to control their actions. The research team published the results in the journal Psychological Science.
Treatment with lumpectomy and radiotherapy is associated with a reduction in breast cancer mortality versus lumpectomy or mastectomy alone among patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), according to a study published online in JAMA Network Open.
Many living organisms, such as migratory birds, are thought to possess a magnetotactic sense, which enables them to respond to the Earth's magnetic field. Whether or not humans are capable of sensing magnetism is the subject of debate. However, several studies have already shown that one of the preconditions required for such a magnetic sensory system is indeed met: magnetic particles exist in the human brain.
The research team has systematically mapped the distribution of magnetic particles in human postmortem brains. Their findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports.
As marine mammals evolved to make water their primary habitat, they lost the ability to make a protein that defends humans and other land-dwelling mammals from the neurotoxic effects of a popular human-made pesticide. The implications of this discovery led researchers to call for monitoring our waterways to learn more about the impact of pesticides and agricultural run-off on marine mammals, such as dolphins, manatees, seals and whales.
New drug-resistant strains of the parasite that causes malaria tend to evolve in regions with lower malaria risk; in areas with high transmission rates, they get outcompeted by the more common, drug-sensitive strains inside the human host. In high-transmission settings, it takes a long time for drug-resistant strains to take hold, but once they do, they can spread rapidly, according to a new study.
Richer, perhaps, but certainly not very healthy. In 2016, life expectancy in India was 68.6 years, compared with 76.2 in China, 75.28 in Sri Lanka, 72.49 in Bangladesh, and 70.25 in Nepal. In 2015, the Bank says, 39.6% of Indians were at risk of catastrophic expenditure for surgery. This is because 65% of the population had no insurance coverage and was spending out-of-pocket (OOP) for medical care.
The critical, structural changes that enveloped viruses, such as HIV, Ebola and influenza, undergo before invading host cells have been revealed by scientists using nano-infrared spectroscopic imaging.
To be in top condition for competition, young athletes need proper nutrition – even more than their older counterparts do. "Adolescence is the major growth time for everybody, but boys and girls participating in organized sports are depleting their bodies of energy and proteins and carbohydrates while their bodies are trying to grow, so it's kind of a double whammy for them," said Christopher Ina.
Women who had smoked more than the equivalent of a pack of cigarettes a day for five years, were much more likely to develop ACOS than those who smoked fewer cigarettes or never smoked. But the condition can affect the non-smokers too.
Global tuberculosis control and elimination will require detailed real-time information on the location of individuals with the disease, the presence of drug resistance, and the patterns of transmission. The surveys currently used are only conducted periodically and are not sufficient to effectively control tuberculosis, which causes more than 4,500 deaths daily.