Patients with focal epilepsy that does not respond to medications badly need alternative treatments. In a first-in-humans pilot study, researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham have identified a sentinel area of the brain that may give an early warning before clinical seizure manifestations appear. They have also validated an algorithm that can automatically detect that early warning
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Acute kidney injury, an often fatal condition without a specific treatment, affects up to 10% of all hospitalized adults in the United States and 30-40% in low-income countries. The condition causes a build-up of waste products in the blood and an imbalance of fluids throughout the body
Nearly six percent of urinary tract infections analyzed by a California emergency department was caused by drug-resistant bacteria in a one-year study period, according to new research in the Annals of Emergency Medicine. The bacteria were resistant to most of the commonly used antibiotics. And, in many cases, patients had no identifiable risk for this kind of infection, the study found
The popularity of electronic cigarettes continues to grow worldwide, as many people view them as a safer alternative to smoking. But the long-term effects of e-cigarette usage, commonly called "vaping," are unknown. Today, researchers report that vaping may modify the genetic material, or DNA, in the oral cells of users, which could increase their cancer risk
Today, diagnosing rare genetic diseases requires a slow process of educated guesswork. Gill Bejerano, Ph.D., associate professor of developmental biology and of computer science at Stanford, is working to speed it up
The findings, which come from a Journal of Diabetes analysis of 11,515 men and 13,569 women in China, indicate that nutrition in early life may play a role in the development of subsequent metabolic disorders
Researchers have found a novel way to diagnose and manage patients with fever. Through new biomarkers that can tell the difference between bacterial and viral infection. The most common reason that parents seek medical care for their children is a fever. But only in a small proportion (5 to 10%) of these cases is the fever caused by a life-threatening bacterial infection.
Most of the time, febrile illness an illness caused by high fever is brought on by a viral infection that runs its course without any need for antibiotic treatment. However, since there are no reliable tests, many children are unnecessarily administered antibiotics, which are used for treating bacterial rather than viral infections.
A study determined that U.K. hospitals and ambulance services have warned that its members may run out of drugs if Britain leaves the European Union without an agreement on future relations. The study was published, NHS Providers said a lack of "visible and appropriate communication" from the government is hampering preparations for a so-called no-deal Brexit.
Researchers have discovered a direct link between the protein aggregation in nerve cells that is typical for neurodegenerative diseases, and the regulation of gene expression in Huntington's disease.
The results pave the way for the development of new treatment strategies for diseases that involve impairment of the basic mechanism by which the body's cells can break down and recycle their own component parts. This process, called autophagy, is disrupted in, for example, Huntington's and other neurodegenerative diseases.
The research, which is based on studies using cell culture and mouse models as well as human tissue from deceased individuals with Huntington's disease. The study was published in Cell Reports.
A study showed that dreams of breaking from the bounds of Earth's atmosphere and venturing to the moon, Mars and beyond. But once astronauts blast past the International Space Station, they become exposed to one of the many dangers of deep space: galactic cosmic radiation. The study was published in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.
According to a study, researchers evaluate the efficacy of a preoperative hypnosis session for reducing postoperative breast pain in patients who underwent minor breast cancer surgery. The study was published in JAMA Network Open.
Researchers evaluate temporal trends and between?hospital variation in off?label antipsychotic medication (APM) use in older adults undergoing cardiac surgery. Delirium is the medical term for an abrupt, rapid change in mental function that goes well beyond the typical forgetfulness of aging. Delirium can cause you to become confused, potentially aggressive, agitated, sleepy, and/or inactive.
Post-operative delirium can occur after you've had an operation and is the most common complication older adults experience after they have surgery. Older adults are at high risk for postoperative delirium after they have heart surgery. The study was published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers looked into the use of APMs in older adults following heart surgery.