All news from General Surgery

Value Of Global Surgeons Activities For US Academic Health Centers

Researchers estimated 30% of all diseases globally require surgical care and expertise, yet global surgeons based in academic health centers (AHCs) often face institutional barriers that make it difficult for them to take the time to offer their services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

However, a new position paper from the Association of Academic Surgeons (AAS) Global Affairs Committee, surgeons from AHCs has much to gain, including professional education, research experience, and an opportunity to enhance their institution's reputation when AHCs support academic global surgeons from their institutions.  The study was published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Opioid Prescriptions Remains Unchanged

The research examined that increased attention to opioid abuse, prescriptions have remained relatively unchanged for many U.S. patients. They show that opioid prescription rates have remained flat for commercially insured patients over the past decade. Rates for some Medicare patients are leveling but remain above where they were 10 years ago. The study was published in The BMJ.

Opioid Weaning And Pain Management In Postsurgical Patients

A unique pain program is helping complex surgical patients wean off opioids safely and effectively while offering alternative ways to cope with their pain and improve how they function. A study following 251 surgical patients at risk of developing chronic pain or persistent opioid use.

They found that almost half of patients who did not take opioids before surgery were able to wean off opioids, and one in four of those who did take opioids before surgery were able to wean completely. The study was published in the Canadian Journal of Pain, "Opioid Weaning and Pain Management in Post-Surgical patients at the Toronto General Hospital Transitional Pain Service."

Top Hospitals List In US News By Mayo And Cleveland Clinic

According to US News and World Report, the study showed that the third consecutive year, the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, claimed the number one spot in the annual honor roll of best hospitals. The study was published by US News and World Report. The Cleveland Clinic in Ohio holds the number two spot (again this year) in the annual honor roll, which highlights hospitals delivering "exceptional treatment across multiple areas of care."

An Alternative Treatment For Liver Failure Patients

A study shows that patients suffering sudden liver failure could in the future benefit from a new treatment that could reduce the need for transplants. Acute Liver Failure occurs when a healthy liver is so seriously damaged it can no longer regrow and recover, leaving patients in urgent need of a transplant.

The liver helps support almost every other organ, by removing toxins, as well as making and storing the proteins and energy sources the body requires. Often the damaged liver can regrow and recover on its own, but when it suffers massive injury, regeneration may fail and even 24 hours without a fully working liver can be life-threatening.

Blue Eye Mutaion: DNA Analysis of 6,500-year-old Human Remains

Scientists have discovered that waves of migration from Anatolia and the Zagros mountains to the Levant helped develop the Chalcolithic culture that existed in Israel's Upper Galilee region some 6,500 years ago. "Certain characteristics, such as genetic mutations contributing to blue eye color, were not seen in the DNA test results of earlier Levantine human remains," according to one of the researchers. The study was published in Nature Communications.

ReMix: A GPS for inside your body

Scientists have developed a system that can pinpoint the location of ingestible implants inside the body using low-power wireless signals. Medical processes like imaging often require cutting someone open or making them swallow huge tubes with cameras on them. But what if could get the same results with methods that are less expensive, invasive and time-consuming?

Newly Identified Role for Inhibition in Cerebellar Plasticity and Behavior

Almost everyone is familiar with the unique mixture of surprise and confusion that occurs after making a mistake during an everyday movement. It's a fairly startling experience stumbling on a step or accidentally missing your mouth when taking a drink.

This momentary bewilderment is due to the fact that our brains have an extraordinary capacity for learning skilled movements. So much so that our routine actions, such as climbing stairs, become second nature. For the most part, we don't even consciously think about them that is until we make a mistake.

Hormone Deficiencies: Effect of Radiation Exposure

In a new study, University of Cincinnati (UC) researchers, in collaboration with Massachusetts General Hospital, have detailed the effect of radiation exposure on the development of hormone deficiency in pediatric and young adult patients treated for brain tumors.

Post-Acute Care Treatment In Patients Vs Home

Healthcare in India is growing at a remarkable pace with a slew of investments pouring in from different parts of the world into multiple sectors. With the country evolving to be a promising land of opportunities for personalized medicine, medical devices, industry, and diagnostics, there are reasons to cheer for citizens.

Post-Treatment Care

Our hospitals boast of state-of-the-art infrastructure and offer world-class treatments to patients from far and wide. Innovative startups in mobile technology and improved data services have further enhanced the prospects of healthcare. Unfortunately, even as we proudly compare the healthcare services of India with the developed economies of the world, they tend to overlook a critical vertical in healthcare post-acute care.