All news from Sports Medicine

Multiplication of Dengue Virus Lineage, Mechanism Uncovered

A lineage of type 1 dengue virus found in Brazil is able to prevail over another even though it multiplies less in vector mosquitoes and infected human cells. This discovery was made under the scope of a Thematic Project supported by the São Paulo Research Foundation – FAPESP involving several Brazilian institutions as well as a university in the United States.

Complex Network Of Brain And Structures

Researchers have assumed the same for neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, and zoom in on the brain to look for potential localized causes, such as particular molecules or genes. For example, they've found that the brains of Alzheimer's patients contain proteins that have folded in the wrong way. Sometimes a disease is the handiwork of a clear culprit: the invasion of a bacterium, or the mutation of a gene. 

New Proteins Can Self-Assemble Into Complex Structutres

The research team based in Japan has designed new proteins that can self-assemble into the complex structures underlying biological organisms, laying the groundwork for leading-edge applications in biotechnology.

The researchers created and developed the proteins with a specific function and their method reveals a possibility that certain protein functions can be created on demand. The study was published in  Synthetic Biology, a peer-reviewed journal published by the American Chemical Society (ACS).

Anesthesia Levels Reduces The Risk Of Postoperative Delirium

Researchers say a study designed to see if reducing the amount of anesthesia reduces the risk of postoperative delirium in older patients surprisingly found that lighter sedation failed to do so in severely ill people undergoing hip fracture repair.

But the study of 200 men and women also showed that for those in relatively better health, deep sedation more than doubled the risk of postoperative delirium compared with those having light sedation. Contrary to what we expected, sedation levels do not appear to affect postoperative delirium for sicker patients.

The study was published in JAMA Surgery, underscores the need for tailoring the amount and type of anesthesia to each individual's overall health status.

Hospice Care Center Re-Innovating End-Of-Life Treatment

A new study estimated that under 200 patients have been admitted to a new palliative care facility at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center since it opened about eight months ago. They are helping to reshape how end-of-life care is delivered in the Upper Valley.

If you look around the brand new Jack Byrne Center for Palliative and Hospice Care, it feels a lot like home. There are a kitchen and dining room, a library and a living room, and a big patio to enjoy the flowers.

Evaluate The Characteristics Of Empathy To Improve ICU Care

In nearly every intensive care unit (ICU) at every pediatric hospital across the country, physicians hold numerous care conferences with patients' family members daily. Due to the challenging nature of many these conversations covering anything from unexpected changes to care plans for critically ill children to whether it's time to consider withdrawing life support these talks tend to be highly emotional. The study was published in JAMA Network.