More than 350,000 people had sudden cardiac arrest outside of a hospital in 2017. Those who received CPR were two to three times more likely to survive. It is a moment everyone hopes they never experience, but it could happen at any time: finding a person in cardiac arrest unconscious and nonresponsive.
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Scientists unlocked a cure for jet lag in mice by activating a small subset of the neurons involved in setting daily rhythms. The mammalian suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) functions as a master circadian pacemaker, integrating environmental input to align physiological and behavioral rhythms to local time cues. The study was published in the journal Neuron.
Approximately 10% of SCN neurons express vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP); however, it is unknown how the firing activity of VIP neurons releases VIP to entrain circadian rhythms. To identify physiologically relevant firing patterns, they optically tagged VIP neurons and characterized spontaneous firing over 3 days. VIP neurons had circadian rhythms in firing rate and exhibited two classes of instantaneous firing activity.
A new study showed that the machine-learning could the diagnose and treatment of mental health disorders. They used a machine-learning algorithm to examine functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of both newly diagnosed, previously untreated schizophrenia patients and healthy subjects. The study was published in Molecular Psychiatry.
According to a new research, People with a history of heart disease who eat a traditional Southern diet are more likely to die than those who follow a Mediterranean dietary pattern. The large-scale study adds to the growing body of evidence on heart disease and its association with dietary patterns from different parts of the world. The study was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
International health experts launched an investigation into why two Samoan infants died shortly after receiving childhood vaccination injections in a tragedy that has rocked the close-knit Pacific nation.
Swadeshi Jagaran Manch alleges many international NGOs such as Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Global Health Strategies and Programme for Appropriate Technology for Health are facing the allegations of promoting the interests of certain pharmaceutical companies.
RSS affiliate Swadeshi Jagaran Manch (SJM) has called for a review of the working of international NGOs that are active in Indian health sector for conflict of interest and commercial interests. The organization wanted all state governments and central government to monitor such activities in their respective jurisdictions.
Ecologists at the University of Georgia have taken an important step in their efforts to develop an early warning system for infectious disease outbreaks. A team led by Eamon B. O'Dea created a mathematical model that analyzes statistical patterns in public health reports to identify when a population is approaching an epidemic threshold—the point at which a disease outbreak is possible.
Their findings, recently published in the Royal Society journal Interface, help pave the way for a disease forecasting system that could one day be used by public health officials.
Human lungs are coated with a substance called surfactant which allows us to breathe easily. When lung surfactant is missing or depleted, which can happen with premature birth or lung injury, breathing becomes difficult. In a collaborative study between Lawson Health Research Institute and Stanford University, scientists have developed and tested a new synthetic surfactant that could lead to improved treatments for lung disease and injury. The study is published in Scientific Reports.
Permanent lung damage caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) starts much earlier than previously thought, even before patients are showing symptoms.
A majority of American workers spend most of their day sitting and don't get enough exercise, putting them at risk for a variety of chronic diseases ranging from diabetes to cancer. A team of researchers at the University of Iowa has one potential solution: Turn everyday exercise into a game.
To that end, UI faculty and students designed a web-based game that can be played by anyone with a smartphone and a Fitbit. Those results were published this month in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Aeras, a nonprofit organization dedicated to developing vaccines against tuberculosis (TB), announced the publication of the full results from a Phase 2, randomized, controlled clinical trial of two TB vaccines– the currently available BCG vaccine and an investigational vaccine, H4:IC31–in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM).
Two years after inventing a microfluidic chip believed to help detect a life-threatening blood infection, researchers in the Texas Tech University Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry and the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC) are finally seeing their product work successfully for human patients.