Swiss drugmaker Roche's hopes of having the first immunotherapy cocktail to be approved as an initial treatment for an aggressive form of lung cancer remained intact after a trial showed positive survival data.
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The research team has uncovered a previously unknown effect of serotonin on learning. The study was published in the journal Nature Communications. Serotonin is one of the main chemicals that nerve cells use to communicate with each other, and its effects on behavior are still unclear. For a long time, neuroscientists have been set on constructing an integrated theory of what serotonin does in the normal brain.
High risk, frail heart patients might derive benefits from "prehabilitation," a strategy designed to enhance the recovery process after heart surgery by maintaining or improving the patient's overall physical and mental status before surgery, according to a group of eminent cardiac specialists writing in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.
American Medical Association (AMA), physicians adopted a policy declaring drug shortages an urgent public health crisis. Many of the drugs currently in shortage are required for patient care in all medical settings, including sterile intravenous products containing saline or other fluids. Following hurricane damage to production facilities in Puerto Rico, the shortages of these basic products and their containers increased.
Several states are likely dramatically underestimating the effect of opioid-related deaths because of incomplete death certificate reporting, with Pennsylvania leading the pack, according to a new analysis by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.
The study was to determine whether poor sleep itself is a risk factor for AF. Poor sleep quality appears to be an important risk factor for atrial fibrillation, report scientists in the first study of its kind to demonstrate a relationship between poor sleep quality independent of sleep apnea and a higher risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). The study was published in HeartRhythm.
A new study has brought science one step closer to a molecular-level understanding of how patterns form in living tissue. The researchers engineered bacteria that, when incubated and grown, exhibited stochastic Turing patterns: a 'lawn' of synthesized bacteria in a petri dish fluoresced an irregular pattern of red polka dots on a field of green.
Psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder often run in families. In a new international collaboration, researchers explored the genetic connections between these and other disorders of the brain at a scale that far eclipses previous work on the subject. The team determined that psychiatric disorders share many genetic variants, while neurological disorders appear more distinct.
There has been a significant reduction in the number of people diagnosed with HIV in New Zealand over the past year. In 2017, 197 people were diagnosed – a decrease from the 243 reported in 2016, figures released today by the AIDS Epidemiology Group, University of Otago, show.
Researchers have demonstrated the feasibility of implanting a micro pacemaker system in the pericardial sac surrounding the heart a breakthrough that may open up new cardiac pacing options for children and adults.
The micro pacemaker inserted through a single tiny incision avoids an invasive surgical procedure and the complications related to long pacemaker leads. The study, "Minimally Invasive Implantation of a Micro pacemaker into the Pericardial Space." The study was published in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.
The new influenza drug Xofluza, developed by the Japanese pharmaceutical company Shionogi, was approved for clinical use in Japan in February 2018. Scientists from EMBL Grenoble have now investigated the drug's mode of action in detail and uncovered possible mechanisms by which viral resistance to it could emerge. Scientific Reports published the results of the study.