All news from Anaesthesiology

Efficacy of Canakinumab Confirmed

Recognition that three unrelated rare fever syndromes are all mediated by a single interleukin opened a new approach for controlling flares in the diseases.

A clinical trial including cohorts of patients who have colchicine-resistant familial Mediterranean fever (crFMF), mevalonate kinase deficiency, or the tumor necrosis factor receptor–associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) confirmed that the interleukin 1β inhibitor canakinumab (Ilaris, Novartis) effectively controlled or prevented flares in all three diseases, researchers reported.

R-PRT program Gives a Lethal Hit to Injury

When Sgt. Jessica Bowman was placed on a medical profile for a knee injury, her company commander enrolled her into a new Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC) program designed to rehabilitate Soldiers with injuries and pain.

For five weeks, Bowman joined a group of other LRMC Soldiers on profile in the Reconditioning Physical Readiness Training at 5 a.m. every weekday to work on muscle strengthening techniques and movement exercises. The program instructors customized a rehabilitation plan with a goal of better knee mobility, less pain and ultimately the removal of her medical profile.

Ozone Exposure Linked to Childhood Athma, Findings

A long-term study of the health of Canadian children has found that exposure to ozone (O3), a common air pollutant, at birth was associated with an 82 percent increased risk of developing asthma by age three. The study, which was a 10-year follow-up to the 2006 Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire (T-CHEQ), was presented at the 2018 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Detection of Malaria With the aid Of a New Portable Device

According to the World Health Organization, over 216 million people were infected with malaria in 2016, and 445,000 individuals died from the disease. The key to solving this health crisis is early-stage diagnosis when malaria therapeutics are most effective. A new prototype for a portable instrument capable early-stage malaria detection has been developed by a team of researchers at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering.

Medicaid Expansion linked to Reduction in ICU Utilization

A new study suggests that states that expanded their Medicaid programs under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) saw a decline in ICU utilization among patients hospitalized for conditions for which hospitalizations may have been prevented through early interventions. Medicaid expansion was also associated with an early adoption of insurance coverage among patients hospitalized with these conditions. The study was presented at the 2018 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Health and Diagnostics: Digitalization with Advent of AI

Despite the fact that health in general globally is facing several challenges including antibiotic resistance, lack of accessible and affordable health care, rise of chronic and untreatable diseases such as dementia, there is a ray of hope in the advent of technology in healthcare.