According to an epidemiological study, researchers found that bilirubin, a yellow-orange pigment, is formed after the breakdown of red blood cells and is eliminated by the liver. It is not only a sign of a bruise, it may provide cardiovascular benefits. The study was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
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Researchers investigated the mechanisms behind a potential targeted treatment for a subtype of the deadly brains tumors called gliomas. They describe using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) imaging which reflects metabolic rather than structural aspects of tissues to determine whether treatment with an investigational IDH1 inhibitor reduced levels of a tumor-associated metabolite in patients with IDH1-mutated gliomas participating in a clinical trial. The study was published in Nature Communications.
A study is to determine combined spinal-epidural with epidural analgesia in terms of their effect on duration of stage I labor, maternal, and neonatal outcomes. Neuraxial anesthesia is considered as the gold standard in the control labor of pain. Its variants are epidural analgesia and combined spinal–epidural analgesia. Few studies, as yet, have investigated the duration of labor as a primary outcome. Some authors have suggested that combined spinal-epidural analgesia may reduce labor duration but at the moment the benefit of shortening labor is uncertain.
A new study examined that People who snore may have extensive tissue damage in the nerves and muscles of the soft palate. This can, in turn, create problems with swallowing and contribute to the development of sleep apnea. Treatment strategies aimed at early intervention to stop snoring might have beneficial effects in healing or preventing the development of sleep apnea.
New research examined that nodules located in the upper pole of the thyroid gland may carry a greater risk for malignancy than those in the lower pole. Sonographic characteristics of nodules such as microcalcifications, hypoechoicity, infiltrative margins, increased vascularity, and taller-than-wide are all known to be associated with greater malignancy risk, but no prior study has examined the risk about a location in the upper versus lower pole of the thyroid.
According to a study, researcher considers the risks of military service, skin cancer may not be top of mind. As U.S. military personnel are more likely to develop skin cancer than the general population. The study was published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
A new study analyzes that when hospital emergency departments become overcrowded, care becomes more fragmented, but they found that technologies designed to track and eventually improve staffing levels must be judiciously chosen. The study was published in the Journal of Emergency Nursing.
The distribution of incubation times in most cases, they contend, is close to 'lognormal' meaning that the logarithms of the incubation periods, rather than the incubation periods themselves, are normally distributed. Working with a simple mathematical model in which chance plays a key role, researchers calculated how long it would take a bacterial infection or cancer cell to take over a network of healthy cells.