All news from Anaesthesiology

Mosquito Saliva Triggers Unexpected Immune Response, New Findings

Mosquitoes may increase the severity of the diseases they transmit, and researchers think that mosquito saliva plays an active role in this process. Researchers have taken a closer look at the effect of mosquito saliva alone and found that it can trigger an unexpected variety of immune responses in an animal model of the human immune system.

These results offer an opportunity to develop effective strategies to prevent mosquito-based transmission of disease. The study appears in the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Determination Of Weight Are Related To Ocular Changes In Space

On Earth, tissue weight generates compressive forces that press on body structures and act on the walls of vessels throughout the body. In microgravity tissues no longer have any weight and tissue compressive forces are lost, suggesting individuals who weigh more may show greater effects from microgravity exposure. One unique effect of long-duration microgravity exposure is the spaceflight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS) which can present with globe flattening, choroidal folds, optic disc edema, and a hyperopic visual shift.

National Consultation for NCD Implementation in India

The aim of this consultation was to address implementation challenges in Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) and prioritize actions for effective implementation.

After conducting 2 State level consultations with National Health Mission in 2017, Project HOPE and Eli Lilly and Company (India Pvt. Ltd.) successfully conducted the 3rd and final consultation at the national level. The aim of this consultation was to address implementation challenges in Non-Communicable Diseases(NCDs) and prioritize actions for effective implementation.

Impact of CA-MRSA Infections on Athletes

The incidence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection in high school and college athletes remains high, and those practicing contact sports lead the pack, according to a new study.

Blood Transfusions Through Genome Sequencing, A New Era

Most people are familiar with A, B, AB and O blood types, but there are hundreds of additional blood group "antigens" on red blood cells—substances that can trigger the body's immune response—that differ from person to person. Each year, up to 16 deaths reported to the Federal Drug Administration are attributed to mismatches in red blood cell antigens that are not related to differences in A, B, and O blood groups.

Currently, no method is available that can determine all blood antigens. But as whole genome sequencing becomes routine for patients, it may be possible to modernize therapy by identifying both rare donors and at-risk recipients before blood transfusions.

UroLift System: Management of BPH

NeoTract, a wholly owned subsidiary of Teleflex Incorporated focused on addressing unmet needs in the field of urology, today announced that the American Urological Association (AUA) has recommended the use of the UroLift® System as a standard of care treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Feeling More Anxious Than Before Seen In Americans

A new study showed that Americans are becoming more anxious about their safety, health, finances, politics, and relationships. Compared to the results of a similar poll a year earlier, 39% of adults in the U.S. are more anxious today than they were a year ago. The study finds from American Psychiatric Association.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Disrupts The Heart's Normal Function

According to a study, researchers have discovered a genetic mutation linked to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) disrupts the heart's normal function. They revealed that the mutation prevents the heart from increasing the amount of force it produces when it needs to pump additional blood around the body. The study was published in the Journal of General Physiology, reveals that the mutation prevents the heart from increasing the amount of force it produces when it needs to pump additional blood around the body.

Protein Complex Plays A Major Role In Gene Expression

Researchers have a deeper understanding of a large switch/sucrose nonfermentable (SWI/SNF) protein complex that plays a pivotal role in plant and human gene expression that causes life-threatening diseases such as cancer. A team of scientists in the department of biochemistry and biophysics and Institute for Plant Genomics and Biotechnology at Texas A&M University in College Station. The study was published in the journal Nature.