All news from Physiology

Agility Tests: Discriminates Soccer Player Agility and Performance

Agility—the ability to rapidly and tactically change speed or direction—is an important factor in soccer performance. A new study reports that two new agility tests can successfully discriminate between youth soccer players at under-17 and under-19, with the older players showing enhanced agility.

In contrast, other characteristics thought to be associated with agility, such as body dimensions and sprinting abilities, were not significantly different between the two age groups. Published in open-access journal Frontiers in Physiology, the study suggests that specific agility training could pay dividends in enhanced youth soccer player agility and performance.

Threat to Human By New Pig Virus

A recently identified pig virus can readily find its way into laboratory-cultured cells of people and other species, a discovery that raises concerns about the potential for outbreaks that threaten human and animal health.

New Drug Approved For Anemia Cure

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Retacrit (epoetin alfa-epbx) as a biosimilar to Epogen/Procrit (epoetin alfa) for the treatment of anemia caused by chronic kidney disease, chemotherapy, or use of zidovudine in patients with HIV infection. Retacrit is also approved for use before and after surgery to reduce the chance that red blood cell transfusions will be needed because of blood loss during surgery.

UTIs: Ibuprofen an Unsafe Alternative to Antibiotics

Ibuprofen, given instead of antibiotics to women with uncomplicated urinary tract infection, (cystitis), leads to longer duration of symptoms and more serious adverse events related to the spread of the primary infection, according to a new study in PLOS Medicine by Ingvild Vik et al. from the University of Oslo, Norway.

Exposure To Microgravity During Spaceflight May Leads To Alterations In Cardiovascular System

A new study is designed to investigate the role of the Notch1 receptor in myocardial IR injury under simulated weightlessness. The differences in Notch signaling expression and myocardial infarct size following myocardial IR were compared between normal rats and tail?suspended rats that were kept in 30? head?down tilt and hindlimb unloading position. The gravitational ?eld is an important determinant of cardiovascular function.

Evaluation Of PDA And Pupillation Pain Index During General Anesthesia

Pupillary response by pupillary dilatation reflex (PDR) is a robust reflex, even measurable during general anaesthesia. However, the ability of infrared pupillometry to detect PDR differences obtained by the intraoperative opioid administration in anesthetized patients remains largely unknown. They analyzed the performance of automated infrared pupillometry in detecting differences in pupillary dilatation reflex response by an inbuilt standardized nociceptive stimulation program in patients under general anesthesia with a standardized propofol/fentanyl scheme.

Biophysicists Revealed Atomic Microcosmos

Researchers have successfully generated controlled electron pulses in the attosecond range. They used optical travelling waves that are formed by laser pulses of varying wavelengths. The movements of electrons in atoms were revealed using attosecond free-electron pulses. The study was published in the journal Physical Review Letters .

Early Depression Diagnosis Is Serious For Patients With CAD

Researchers examined that comprehensive care to patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), proactive depression screening may not always rank high on the list of first-priority concerns. However, Florida State University researchers who surveyed years of data on epidemiological and clinical factors suggest that depression screening should be at the forefront of any CAD treatment program. The study was published in the journal Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants.

End-Of-Life Spending For Increasing Health

According to study, researchers showed that Health economists have long considered end-of-life spending to be one of the major contributors to the overall increase in health spending in the United States. That narrative has been supported by recent research findings that increased use of hospice care costs more than it saves, that end-of-life care intensity has been increasing, and end-of-life intensive care unit has accelerated. The study was published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Efficacy Of A Shower Cream And A Lotion In The Treatment Of Atopic Dry Skin

According to a study, researchers evaluated that the efficacy of shower cream and a lotion, each with skin?identical lipids and emollients, in the treatment of atopic dry skin of subjects with a history of the atopic condition. A Shower cream and a body lotion with physiological lipids are effective in improving skin hydration in patients with dry skin. The study was published in Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.