All news from Cardiology

Effectiveness of Rivaroxaban Against Venous Thromboembolism

Research from the University of Warwick indicates that taking a tablet a day can help treat cancer patients of a potentially deadly condition. People with cancer have an increased risk of developing blood clots, with roughly one in five experiencing venous thromboembolism (VTE) – either deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). Blood clots in the deep veins of the leg may travel to the lungs causing a pulmonary embolism. These two conditions are referred to as VTE – a dangerous and potentially deadly medical condition of which there are 10 million cases worldwide.

Improved Treatment For Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the third most common type of cancer in Germany and the disease affects both men and women. However, immunotherapies are successful in only 20% of cases. Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have now discovered a special mechanism that regulates tumor growth in lung cancer. This opens up new possibilities in the treatment of lung cancer patients. The results were published in the journal Oncoimmunology.

Human Herpes Virus 8 in HIV-1 Infected Individuals

While it is well established that the tissue presence of HHV8 in combination with immunosuppression leads to the development of clinical KS, there are limited data on the dynamics of circulating HHV8 in HIV infected individuals receiving cytoreductive chemotherapies for various malignancies, or the impact of anti-tumor therapies on HHV8 viremia.

Furthermore, it is possible that circulating HHV8 may be associated with increased immune activation and exhaustion, but studies focusing on the associations between HHV8 viremia, CD4+ T cell counts, and lymphocyte phenotypes in the setting of HIV and malignancy are lacking. To address these issues, we examined the associations between different systemic cancer chemotherapies for KS and other malignancies with T cell counts and phenotype, circulating HHV8 DNA, HIV infection and clinical KS.

Implications for Interventions for Incurable Cancers in Bangladesh

Affordability of care, training, access to opioids, and psychological support were identified critical issues in the Economist analysis.

Additional barriers to successful management include

(i) the desires of seriously ill patients to be at home, and not to travel to doctors' offices or clinics;

(ii) the absence of “real” time (that is, current) symptom type and intensity information by doctors because symptom questionnaires are not much used at all or repeatedly used;

(iii) the absence of information on practical, affordable, and effective interventions among treating physicians; and efficient systems and processes to facilitate physicians' giving successful palliative care and to lead to greater engagement of physicians overall in this kind of care.

Overuse of Interventions for Bronchiolitis Reduced

A multidisciplinary improvement initiative can reduce overuse of interventions for bronchiolitis, according to a study published online in Pediatrics.

The American Academy of Pediatrics published bronchiolitis clinical practice guidelines in 2014 recommending against the routine use of bronchodilators, chest radiographs, or respiratory viral testing in children with a clinical diagnosis of bronchiolitis. Our aim in this project was to align care with the American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines by decreasing the overuse of these interventions.

AB-NHPM scheme: Roadmap Prepared For Its Implementation

After getting the green light from the Union Cabinet, the Centre has started preparing a roadmap for the implementation of its ambitious Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM).

In a meeting in this regard was held by the Ministry of Health to discuss two major challenges—preventing fraud claims and tackling the problem of lack of hospital network in rural areas, sources close to the Ministry of Health said.