A new study reports a robust relationship between operating list composition and surgical performance (indexed by the duration of operation). An evidence?based approach to structuring a theatre list could reduce the total operating time.
All news from R&D
The pediatric appendicitis risk calculator (pARC) was developed and validated through secondary analyzes of 3 distinct cohorts. Test performance of the park was compared with the Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS).
A multicenter study finds the oral diabetes medication metformin seems to reduce the chance of a late miscarriage and premature birth among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) but does not affect their rate of developing gestational diabetes
According to study, researchers examined that the strep throat can run rampant in elementary schools, strangles, the "strep throat" of horses, caused by a different Streptococcus bacterium, Streptococcus equi sp equi, is highly contagious. Lymph nodes in the head and neck region become swollen and develop abscesses, resulting in nasal discharge and drainage from the throat.
A study estimated that many are scrambling to meet growing demand for emergency room treatment of drug overdoses, but they are hampered by the lack of a quick and easy test to screen patients for synthetic 'designer' drugs. Chemists are developing such a test with the hope that hospitals could eventually use it to choose the appropriate treatment. Drug overdoses are taking a huge toll on public health, with potent synthetic drugs posing a particular threat.
In this study, researchers analyzed that eating the right dietary fibers may rebalance the gut microbiome and lead to reduced blood sugar and body weight, and may pave the way for a new nutritional approach to preventing and managing type 2 diabetes. The study was published in Gut.
According to study, researchers have described the architecture of the nuclear pore complex in yeast cells. The biological blueprint they uncovered shares principles sometimes seen on a much larger scale in concrete, steel, and wire. The gateway to cellular headquarters has 552 components. A new map that shows how all these pieces fit together could help scientists study numerous diseases. The study was published in Nature.
A study estimates the risk factors for new-onset chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients who have received a liver transplant. A total of 190 patients who underwent liver transplantation between March 2001 and January 2015 were followed up and analyzed retrospectively.
Sex, age, primary disease, preoperative laboratory findings, surgical approach, blood loss during the surgery and transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and the average levels of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) were analyzed. In total, 40 patients developed new-onset CKD after transplantation.
The tracheal bronchus is a congenital anatomical variant of patients with accessory bronchus in the right upper lobe deriving directly from the supracarinal trachea. Pre-operative consultation with the anesthesiologist is important for patient safety and can avoid adverse effects induced by endotracheal intubation. The study involves complications in the tracheal bronchus.
Although surgery and postoperative radiotherapy provided excellent freedom from locoregional relapse (FFLRR) in patients with high-risk cutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), there was no observed benefit with the addition of weekly carboplatin, according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
A new study suggests a minimally invasive treatment that could reduce osteoarthritis-associated inflammation and pain in the knee. The finding, presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting, could help reduce disability and improve quality of life for patients with severe knee pain due to osteoarthritis.
A new study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine , has found that MRI scan and targeted prostate biopsies are significantly better at making a positive prostate cancer diagnosis than standard biopsies. The study results were presented at the European Association of Urology Congress in Copenhagen.