All news from Anaesthesiology

Canagliflozin Lowered The Risk In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Researchers examined that the antidiabetic sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor canagliflozin lowered the risk for hospitalization for heart failure (HF) or dying of cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. In fact, in this exploratory analysis from the Canagliflozin Cardiovascular Assessment Study (CANVAS), the 14% of patients with type 2 diabetes who already had HF appeared to benefit most. "Importantly, that needs to be tested in a heart failure dedicated study."

Evaluate The Endoscopic Surgical Repair Of Ossicular

Researchers determine to evaluate our experience with endoscopic repair of ossicular discontinuity at the incudostapedial joint, with or without an intact stapes suprastructure and present our hearing results. They classify results based on the causative pathology, the type of ossiculoplasty, and kind of lesion.

They demonstrate the ability to endoscopically place a total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP), measuring 4.25 mm, between the stapes footplate and the incus remnant to re-establish ossicular continuity.

Kidney Transplantation From Extended Criteria Donors

The study estimates the transplantation of a kidney from extended criteria donors with diagnosed brain-death forms to program that increases the number of transplantations.To compare the results of ECD with those of standard criteria donors (SCD).Collection of kidneys from extended criteria donors (ECD) with diagnosed brain-death forms a part of the collection program that increases the number of transplantations.

Microvascular Networks Composed Of Smallest Blood Vessels

According to a study, researchers examine the behavior of blood cells flowing within single, straight vessels is a well-known problem, less is known about the individual cellular-scale events giving rise to blood behavior in microvascular networks. The human body, microvascular networks composed of the smallest blood vessels are a central part of the body's function. The study was published in the Biophysical Journal.

Factors Associated with Unplanned Baby Birth

Recent studies explain that in Australia, around four to five in 1,000 births are recorded as "other," meaning the delivery didn't occur in hospital, in a birth center, or as a planned home birth under the presence of medical professionals

New Insight into How Herpes Lurks in Neurons, Ready to Strike

Once herpes simplex infects a person, the virus remain dormant inside neurons, hibernating there for life, periodically waking up from its sleep to reignite infection, causing cold sores or genital lesions to recur. A new study published in the journal mBio, shows that the virus uses a host protein called CTCF, or cellular CCCTC-binding factor, to do just that.

Effect Of Environmental Component On Astronauts In Spaceflight

In this study, researchers analyzed the impact of each environmental component on astronauts it is important to investigate potential influences in isolation. Spaceflight introduces a combination of environmental stressors, including microgravity, ionizing radiation, changes in diet and altered atmospheric gas composition. Rodent spaceflight experiments involve both standard vivarium cages and animal enclosure modules (AEMs), which are cages used to house rodents in spaceflight.

Compare The Pain Control And Problems In Three Types Of Anesthesia

Researchers compare the degree of pain control and complications in three types of anesthesia using periprostatic nerve block (PPNB) plus intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA), low-dose spinal anesthesia, and intravenous (IV) sedation in patients undergoing the transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. Pain during biopsy procedure is mainly caused by two component, initially probe insertion and manipulation into the anal canal, then, penetration of needle in prostate texture.