The present study is conducted to determine the relationship between poor sleep and Alzheimer's disease. The study suggested that less sleep allow beta-amyloid to accumulate in the brain, which is the prime cause of Alzheimer's disease
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In this study, researchers assessed the cardio problems in astronauts returning from a prolonged spaceflight. These health problems might be driven by complex modulations of gene expression and protein synthesis in endothelial cells (ECs). Studies on the influence of microgravity on phenotype, growth pattern and biological processes of ECs can help to understand these complications.
A new study, published in the Annals of Family Medicine, suggest that the quality of evidence to support the use of digital rectal exams for prostate cancer screenings in the primary care setting is very low.
In this study, researchers analyzed some of the newer regional anesthetic techniques, long-acting local anesthetics, and adjuvants, and discuss evidence for key outcomes such as cancer recurrence and safety with ultrasound guidance. Advances in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia and the introduction of newer long-acting local anesthetics have given clinicians an opportunity to apply novel approaches to block peripheral nerves with ease.
In prostate cancer patients with Gleason scores of 9 or 10, the combination of external-beam radiotherapy with a brachytherapy boost (EBRT+BT) accompanied by androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) led to reductions in prostate cancer-specific mortality and to better outcomes overall. The findings were published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The objective of this study was to determine the morphometric values of the skull and the mandible of the common opossum from the Caribbean island of Trinidad and Tobago. The skulls and mandibles were obtained from ten opossums captured for research purposes. The skulls and mandibles were prepared and cleaned using standard method.
For families who have searched years for missing loved ones, donating a sample of their DNA is often a last, desperate act to confirm their worst fears.
New York City's medical examiner is leading a nationwide effort to collect genetic material and match it with unidentified human remains. It's a way to finally give family members some answers and maybe some solace.
A new study investigated by researchers, they found the risk of diabetes is double for black patients. Rising obesity rates in several Southern states are leading to a rapid increase in new cases of diabetes among both black and white adults. Risk of diabetes rose steadily with increasing body weight, and among those with the highest weight and body mass index (BMI) the risk of diabetes was even greater among whites than blacks. The study was published in PLOS ONE.
A study reveals Bacterial spores store information about the individual growth history of their progenitor cells, thus retaining a "memory" that links the different stages of the bacterial life cycle. The spore memory could give rise to various adaptive behaviours in microbes. The study was published in the journal Nature Communications.
Researchers examined that the minimally invasive bunion surgery, an alternative to traditional surgery that can reduce post-surgical scarring, swelling and pain, Dr. Clifford Jeng, Medical Director, Institute for Foot & Ankle Reconstruction at Mercy, has announced. A bunionectomy involves removal of a painful bunion through corrective bone cuts (osteotomies) and soft tissue rebalancing to realign the big toe joint.
Researchers observed that small doses of NGM282, a non-tumorigenic variant of an endocrine gastrointestinal hormone, can significantly and rapidly decrease liver fat content in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The study was published in The Lancet.
The new analysis studied the risks of sudden death, and any-cause death was significantly increased in patients who started receiving digoxin after the trial was started. The immediate death risk began ascending soon after patients initiated the drug