A genome-wide association study was performed to identify susceptibility genes for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy(IDC) in African Americans, and they found variation in one gene called CACNB4 which contributes to causing IDC in the race.
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Researchers have estimated that a guide for managing such medical emergencies while onboard an airplane. Physicians have developed recommendations for managing in-flight medical emergencies for healthcare professionals. The study was published in the journal CMAJ.
Scientists have established a unique technique to map, on a scale of milliseconds, the elasticity of the components inside a cell. They use the vibrations of planet Earth to characterize its deep structure, scientists have discovered a way to use vibrations within cells to identify their mechanical properties. The study was published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
A new study, published in the JAMA, has found that a combination of high doses of radiotherapy and hormonal therapy could improve the survival rate of men with aggressive prostate cancer. The findings also suggest that such a multimodal treatment approach has the best chance of preventing metastatic disease and improving overall long-term survival.
A new study, published in the Journal of Personalized Medicine, has identified a genetic defect linked specifically to heart failure in African Americans. The discovery could lead to more precise and effective treatments for a common form of heart failure of unknown cause called idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
A new study, published in JAMA, suggests that Medicare's experimental mandatory bundled payment model for knee and hip replacements is more likely to yield cost savings when the surgeries are performed in larger hospitals that do more of these procedures. Non-profit and major teaching hospital status also appear to be associated with cost savings.
In this study, researchers evaluated histological and immunocytochemical parameters that could be used to assess healing potential after scaphoid fractures and to correlate these findings with time intervals after fracture for the three parts of the scaphoid. The scaphoid is the most frequently fractured carpal bone and prone to non-union due to mechanical and biological factors.
A new study, published in the Journal of Cell Biology, revealed how a key protein residing in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) helps cells respond to stress. This process is especially important for B cells to respond to severe stress conditions and their ability to produce antibodies.
Diclofenac patches and piroxicam appear to be the most effective topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for osteoarthritis (OA), according to a systematic review published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
A new optical imaging system uses red and near-infrared light to identify breast cancer patients who will respond to chemotherapy, possibly as early as two weeks after beginning treatment, according to a study published in the journal Radiology. The non-invasive system tracks blood flow dynamics during a simple breath hold to predict patient responses.
A new study published in The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) suggest that common practice of quintupling the dose of inhaled glucocorticoids at the first sign of worsening asthma does not prevent exacerbations in children.