According to a post hoc analysis of the EXCEL study, atrial fibrillation (AF) develops in almost one in five patients after left main coronary artery bypass surgery and is one of the strongest predictors for subsequent stroke and death.
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In this anatomical study, the lateral arm flap is used for composite defects in need of vascularized soft tissue, skin, and bone. From its original description, the distal humeral metaphysis can be included with the flap, supplied by the periosteal extensions of the posterior branch of the radial collateral artery. Researchers wanted to reexplore the anatomy of the lateral arm to determine its utility as a donor site for vascularized bone.
According to researchers in Taiwan, many hypertensive children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who undergo adenotonsillectomy see a reduction in blood pressure (BP).
The bacterium Streptomyces chartreusis is an antibiotic-producing bacterium that releases more metabolites into the surrounding medium than scientists assumed based on the analysis of the genome. Many of the substances are likely released to mediate interactions with its environment. They might also include molecules that are of interest as potential pharmaceutical agents.
The researchers analyzed a broad spectrum of the bacterium's metabolic products under various culture conditions. The study is published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) may have lower intellectual functioning compared with the general population, with mild deficits across academic skills, executive function, and visual and verbal memory. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), come from an analysis of studies published through 2016.
The passage of critical mine health and safety legislation in the late 1960s, along with advances in technology and safety practices, helped to decrease the prevalence of lung diseases for miners. But starting in the mid-1990s, there was a significant documented increase in lung diseases among coal workers, especially among younger workers.
The researchers aimed to find further reasons why simulated microgravity conditions are associated with a change in growth behavior and increased spheroid and tube formation (angiogenesis) of these ECs. The results obtained suggested that the 3D growth of ECs in a microgravity-dependent system is driven via a network of genes and proteins involved in cell structure maintenance and intercellular signaling.
Researchers have tried to find more evidence about the consequences of the phosphorylation of Rab8 and have found out an important relationship between lipid storage and Parkinson’s disease (PD) pathogenesis.
E-cigarette liquids sweetened with flavorings like vanilla and cinnamon may harm the lungs even when they do not contain nicotine, according to a study published recently in the journal Frontiers in Physiology.
Interventions involving literacy-adapted and simplified group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pain education significantly improved pain and physical function in patients presenting at low-income clinics, according to findings published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
According to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Circulation, survival from cardiac arrest doubled when a bystander stepped in to apply an automated external defibrillator (AED) before emergency responders arrived.
Patients with tension-type headache (TTH) experience benefit from acupuncture and stretching, especially in combination with pressure pain threshold physiotherapy hands-on techniques, according to a study published in the journal Physiotherapy Research International.