Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the leading indication for lung transplantation worldwide, and the second indication in the U.S. Despite this, a lack of consensus remains regarding the timing and types of transplant surgery.
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Actinobacteria is found to have a potent metabolic activity against pathogens. A new study, published in the journal Marine Drugs, secondary metabolites of actinobacteria isolated from Indian marine mangrove sediments shows significant antifungal activity against Candida albicans.
According to researcher, savings from the program they discussed, which came about by increasing expenditures at NYU Langone Health. Using more physical medicine and rehabilitation services and tapping into those services earlier in the care delivery process resulted in $1.4 million in savings and added to the quality of care for one hospital system.
For women with high-risk endometrial cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy given during and after external-beam radiotherapy provides an absolute 11% improvement in failure-free survival, although not overall survival, in women with stage III disease, A new study, published in the journal Lancet Oncology, suggests.
In South Korea, approximately 25% of the patients who visit the ED are paediatric patients. The number of paediatric patients visiting the emergency department (ED) continues to rise. A recent study demonstrated that 4.5%–8% of patients account for 25% of all ED visits.
A key physiological consequence of microgravity experienced during spaceflight and of important parallels and connections to the physiology of aging. Microgravity during spaceflight influences cardiovascular function, cerebral autoregulation, musculoskeletal, and sensorimotor system performance.
According to this study, researchers determined that both adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) and vocal or laryngeal tremor (LT) can be treated effectively with botulinum toxin. Patients with isolated lateral LT can be treated very similarly to those with ADSD, with comparable outcomes if patients are carefully selected. The study has published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.
Synthetic cathinones are derived from cathinone which is present in the khat plant. These recreational drugs produce effects similar to amphetamines and have been associated with numerous fatalities.
Although the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) banned some synthetic cathinones in 2011, new designer drugs continue to appear, presenting a real challenge for forensic laboratories. The report was published in the Journal of Analytical Toxicology.
A systematic review of studies, published in PLOS ONE, focused on stroke survivors' and carers' experiences of primary care and community healthcare services has found that they feel abandoned because they have become marginalized by services and do not have the knowledge or skills to re-engage.
Scientists have established that the new neurons produced in adults react preferentially to reward-related sensory stimuli and help speed up the association between sensory information and reward. Adult-born neurons therefore play an important role in both the identification of a sensory stimulus and the positive value associated with that sensory experience. This stuyd has published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
In a study published in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, an international team has successfully tested a molecule inhibitor of interleukin-18, a protein involved in immune response. These encouraging results in terms of safety and efficacy are paving the way for a new kind of treatment, not only for Still's disease, but other rare inflammatory diseases, too.
A team of researchers has produced 3-D images from 129 individual molecules of flexible DNA origami particles. Their work provides the first experimental verification of the theoretical model of DNA origami. Over the past decade, researchers have been working to create nanoscale materials and devices using DNA as construction materials through a process called "DNA origami." The study has published in Nature Communications.