All news from Anaesthesiology

Cancer Pioneer Employs Physics to Approach Cancer

In the cover article of Oncotarget, James Frost, Kenneth Pienta, MD, and the late Donald Coffey, Ph.D., use a theory of physical and biophysical symmetry to derive a new conceptualization of cancer. Co-author Dr. Coffey, ex-deputy director of the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and Professor of Urology, died before this paper was published at 85.

To Examine the Healing Effect Of 1?-Hydroxyvitamin D3 on BPPV

In this study, researchers investigated the healing effect of 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 on the benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This is a kind of clinically common peripheral vestibular disease, which has the highest incidence rate in vertigo derived from the inner ear. Its main manifestation is that the transient paroxysmal vertigo can be caused when the head moves to a specific position, accompanied by nystagmus and autonomic neural symptoms.

Traumatic TMPs Analyzed In Emergency Departments

According to this study, researchers analyzed the mechanism of injury for traumatic TMPs among patients presenting to the ED. In this cross-sectional analysis of 949 emergency department visits, foreign body instrumentation was the most frequent cause of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations. The leading cause of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations(TMPs) may be preventable, and patient education may prevent this frequent cause of injury.

TT-HEV infection: NAT Screening of Blood Donations and Infectious Dose

The present study addresses the question of the most appropriate and effective strategy to minimize the risk of transfusion-transmitted hepatitis E virus (TT-HEV infection), taking into account the costs, the logistics of testing, and the infection risk and outcome of HEV-infected blood recipients. The present review provides a comprehensive view of the various aspects of TT-HEV infection and a discussion on the current status on the issue of screening for this virus.

A Tiny Hair-Like Sensor Inside The Inner Ear Helps To Hear

A new study describing that scientists have identified a key component of the machinery that makes these bundles grow in an orderly fashion. Our ears are exquisite detection instruments, capable of discerning a whisper or distinct notes of music within a symphony. To pick up these sounds, tiny hair-like filaments in the inner ear must be packed into precisely arranged bundles, all facing the same direction. The study have published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

A Safer Contrast Agent for Vascular Imaging

In a new study presented at the annual meeting of European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), radiologists with the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) described using ferumoxytol as a contrast agent in vascular imaging of the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis in seven patients who had renal failure as well as claustrophobia.

Ultrastructure of The Internal Limiting Membrane Is Examined By SEM

In this study, researchers examined the effect of internal limiting membrane peeling during vitrectomy on the Müller cell damage, we examined the ultrastructure of the internal limiting membrane by using focused ion beam/scanning electron microscopy (FIB/SEM). Peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) is a procedure widely applied in surgeries for several macular disorders, such as macular hole (MH), epiretinal membrane (ERM), macular pucker, macular edema, and macular retinoschisis

Sporadic Breast Cancer in Sri Lankan women: Genetic Determinants

In the present study, researchers carry out a comprehensive evaluation of genetic polymorphisms associated with sporadic breast cancer in Sri Lankan women. Using a case-control approach, we conducted association testing on 700 women using single variant and haplotype association testing strategies on 56 SNPs in 36 breast cancer-related genes.