All news from Anaesthesiology

A Big Problem among Some of the Little Patients Solving

Each year in the U.S. some 200,000 babies, struggling to survive their early days in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), require umbilical cord catheters to take food and medicine. While these tiny tubes serve as a lifeline, they can also be a conduit for harmful bacteria to enter the bloodstream. The resulting infection, which affects roughly one in five babies with an umbilical cord catheter, means a longer and more expensive hospital stay and a significantly increased risk of developmental delays, or even death.

A New Method for Improving T-Cell Production

In this study, researchers have established a new method for improving T cell manufacture by focusing on the materials involved in this process. Their study uses a polymer mesh to activate the T cells, a critical step for their production. This approach simplifies processing compared to systems in use today. In addition, making the fibers out of a mechanically soft material improved T cell growth, outperforming the current gold standard on several fronts. The study is published in Advanced Biosystems.

To Examine Effect of Left Lateral Tilting Before And After Spinal Anesthesia

In this study, researchers examined the effect of left lateral tilting on maternal hemodynamics after SAB. Post-spinal hypotension is a common maternal complication during cesarean delivery. Aortocaval compression by the gravid uterus has been assumed as a precipitating factor for post-spinal hypotension. The role of left lateral tilting position in improving maternal cardiac output after subarachnoid block (SAB) is unclear.

MRI Shows Structural Brain Differences in CKD

In a study published in American Journal of Kidney Diseases, the researchers from Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, performed advanced quantitative structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine whether chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects brain structure and whether poorer neurocognitive performance in CKD is associated with structural brain differences.