Fifteen projects announced will develop new healthcare technologies to tackle international health challenges, ranging from the prevention of limb loss by Syrian refugees to faster diagnosis and treatment for parasitic diseases such as malaria.
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Researchers have established a detailed procedure for quantification of mepirapim and acetyl fentanyl in whole blood and urine specimens using gas chromatography (GC)-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The study findings were published in Forensic Toxicology.
A new study published in Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine shows that integrating scribes into a primary care setting can benefit clinic operations, joy of practice, quality of care, and patient experience. These positive outcomes go beyond reducing charting burden and may all play a role in preventing physician burnout.
How does psychological stress translate into physical health effects? A key piece of the puzzle may be found in specialized cellular structures known as mitochondria, according to a pair of articles published in Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine.
Treating latent HIV reservoirs with latency-reversing agents and autologous CD8 + T cells fails to eliminate the replication-competent virus, a new study, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation , reports.
High exposure to radiofrequency radiation (RFR) in rodents resulted in tumors in tissues surrounding nerves in the hearts of male rats, but not female rats or any mice, according to draft studies from the National Toxicology Program (NTP).
Researchers are searching for therapies that might slow the progression of DMD while also investigating genetic and other approaches to disrupt the underlying disease mechanism. Examining data from the large TREAT-NMD Duchenne muscular dystrophy database, investigators were able to confirm that corticosteroid treatment can delay some of the clinical effects of DMD and that there is greater variability among patients in the progression of the disease than reported. These findings appear in the Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases .
The results of the study, recently published in BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology, identified 19 ADRs out of a total of 1,083 hospital admissions.The most frequently prescribed drug classes were antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. The approximate incidence of ADRs in children was17per 1,000 children.Most of the ADRs involved antibiotics and 21% of the ADR’s were categorized as “preventable”. The severest ADRs observed during the study were haemolysis and toxic epidermal necrolysis.
According to a study published in the journal BMC Medicine, Patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant-cell arteritis (GCA) have similarly increased risks of fracture, compared with the general population.
Advances in brain imaging can identify a greater number of stroke patients who can receive therapy later than previously believed, according to a study published New England Journal of Medicine. The study demonstrated that physically removing brain clots up to 16 hours after symptom onset in selected patients led to improved outcomes compared to standard medical therapy.
A new study published in the JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery has showed that disagreement between physician- and patient-reported scar assessment is not uncommon. Neither patients nor clinicians consistently detect differences in scars using current scar assessment instruments. Patients and physicians differ in their evaluation of surgical scars. Scar instruments that better integrate both patient and clinician scar ratings may aid in determining the most salient features of cutaneous scars.
The aim of the present study was to compare, in intubated patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), lung recruitment measured by P-V curve analysis, with dynamic changes in poorly ventilated units of the dorsal lung (dependent silent spaces [DSSs]) assessed by electrical impedance tomography (EIT). Researchers hypothesized that DSSs might represent a dynamic bedside measure of recruitment.