According to this study, Researchers have developed an inductive algorithm to study nucleotide frequencies using a multi-strain SIR model. Sequencing also benefits epidemiological studies, such as the identification, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases. These processes of sequence data will help scientists to understand organism function. This study got published in SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics.
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A study has been declined that many of the complex folded shapes that form mammalian tissues can be recreated with very simple instructions. By patterning mechanically active mouse or human cells to thin layers of extracellular matrix fibers, the researchers could create bowls, coils, and ripples out of living tissue. The cells collaborated mechanically through a web of these fibers to fold themselves up in predictable ways, mimicking natural developmental processes. This study was published in the journal Developmental Cell.
A pledge by health and development experts to tackle neglected diseases that blind, disable and disfigure millions of the world's poorest people has spurred tremendous progress in five years.
More than one billion people were treated in 2016 for painful infections, such as sleeping sickness and elephantiasis, as increased funding, drug donations and political will helped health workers reach patients in remote areas, it said.
A new study published in the journal Heart Rhythm suggests that shocks from an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) are quick and can be life-saving, but can also hurt patients' quality of life and peace of mind for months afterward, whether delivered appropriately or inappropriately.
The brains of adolescents react more responsively to receiving rewards. This can lead to risky behavior, but, according to Leiden University research, it also has a positive function: it makes learning easier. The study reports are published in Nature Communications.
As e-cigarettes become more popular, fewer people are taking up smoking traditional cigarettes. But can e-cigarettes, an electronic nicotine delivery system, help people quit smoking altogether? That was the focus of a recent study led by a Hollings Cancer Center researcher.
Education and research about concussions in youth have focused on team sports, but a study from New Mexico suggests that adolescents may suffer more knock-out head blows in PE classes than in organized athletics. The findings are reported online in the American Journal of Public Health.
According to a new research, adding a paracervical block to general anesthesia for endometrial ablation reduces pain and the need for postoperative narcotics.
Dr. Jordan S. Klebanoff of Christiana Care Health System in Newark reported, "Our study showed that women who received a paracervical block at the completion of their endometrial ablation had less pain at one hour postoperatively. In addition, less immediate postoperative narcotic medication was required."
A Swedish study suggests that light massage could reduce pain, anxiety and the need for opioid medication in terminally ill patients. “All end-of-life patients experience existential pain or existential suffering,” Linda Bjorkhem-Bergman reported. “This pain is difficult to treat pharmacologically and complementary methods, such as massage, provide an alternative.”
Scientists have developed a new system to study Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the laboratory, paving the way for research to find treatments for the fatal brain disorder. The study is published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine and was funded by the National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement & Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs).
Each year about 25% of all workers will be confronted potentially traumatic events, such as crime, accidents, serious illness or death of a significant other. Part of the affected workers will develop very severe posttraumatic stress symptoms. However, in contrast to our expectations these events and symptoms do not have a negative impact on job satisfaction.
Among the countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda is where cholera remains a recurring problem, despite advances in science and technology for prevention, detection and treatment of the infectious disease. At present, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have identified cholera hotspots around Uganda to help target interventions.