Researchers demonstrated a greater effectiveness of the combination versus each of its components for the treatment of ear infections with a draining ear after placement of tympanostomy tubes. In children with acute otitis media with tympanostomy tubes (AOMT), topical ciprofloxacin plus fluocinolone acetonide is more effective than either agent alone, according to results from two randomized trials. This study has published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.
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A study suggests that for increased lifetime risk of cancer, the cumulative incidence of cancer in >24,000 such patients, who were at least aged 25 in 1995, was 15.3%; cancer was diagnosed at a median age of 55. The risk over 15 years was 8.5% for those with a history of at least six cardiovascular procedures, during which they were exposed to low-dose ionizing radiation (LDIR), and only 3.3% for those who had undergone up to one such procedure (P<0.0001). This study was published in Circulation.
A new research conducted the study from University of Liverpool, which links brain structure to an individual's likelihood of experiencing hallucinations and to their musical aptitude. Participants with higher musical aptitude showed lower hallucination proneness. This research has been published in Schizophrenia Research.
A recent study establishes that several recent reports are indicating that small nanoscale spikes or nanopillars of various compositions can kill growing bacteria, most likely by impaling them and presumably causing leakage of cytoplasmic components and collapse of cells’ proton motive force, all leading to cell death.
The study declined that more than 4000 participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study in their mid-20s who were followed into middle age. This study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Michael P Bancks said, "Findings from the present study support this hypothesis as individual-level and neighbourhood-level social determinants did contribute significantly to disparities in diabetes."
A recent study has found 16 aging, communist-era lignite plants in areas of former Yugoslavia emit as much pollution as all the European Union's 296 power plants combined. With an eye on future EU membership, the governments of ex-Yugoslav republics have pledged to tackle emission levels. Sarajevo, Tuzla and Zenica in Bosnia, as well as Kosovo's capital Pristina, suffer from similar high air pollution. An annual winter scourge in the Western Balkans blamed on a mix of coal burning, ageing industry and high-polluting emissions from older vehicles.
According to this study, researchers assessed the Mathematical models have proven the risk of the on-going pneumonic plague epidemic in Madagascar spreading elsewhere in the world is limited, with the estimated number of exported cases staying below 0.1 person in each country between August 1 and October 17. This was the world's first real-time study into the epidemiological dynamics of the largest ever pneumonic plague epidemic in the African nation.
A study promoting new therapeutic approach, which is "incredibly unique" and is safe and effective in some patients with intractable pain. Low doses of the hormone oxytocin along with the anesthetic ketamine may provide a unique and effective therapeutic approach to some patients with severe intractable pain. Dr Pedersen has found better ways to treat patients with very severe pain.
A randomized controlled trial (RCT) published in Canadian Medical Association Journal reported that there is no effect of the use of probiotics and xylitol chewing gum to improve sore throat symptoms (as an alternative to antibiotics).
Results of a national survey of more than 800 physicians suggest that their experiences with patients, family members and friends with breast cancer were linked with their recommendations for routine mammograms.
The study published in the Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging used a new technique to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to scan the placenta. The noninvasive approach offers valuable insights into how the mother's blood enters the placenta and sustains the fetus with oxygen and nutrients during early pregnancy.
Cone snails have inspired humans for centuries. Presently, scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are finding these deadly predators inspiring, too, as they seek new ways to cure old medical problems using the poisonous snails as models.