Researchers from Columbia University in New York City have identified the new biomarker urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) that has a substantial accuracy to identify febrile infants and young children with and without urinary tract infections (UTIs). The study was reported in the journal Pediatrics.
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It means the presence of pathogens from feces of humans and animals is highly likely in this water drunk by residents. A group of researchers at Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council or BARC mined the ‘horrifying’ data while studying the level of minerals in jars, and bottled water in the city, BARC Director Monirul Islam reported.
A single enzyme. That is all the researchers behind a new study need to manipulate to prevent the feared Ebola virus from spreading. Because with the enzyme they also take away the virus' ability to copy itself and thus produce more virus particles and more infection. The study was published in the scientific journal Molecular Cell.
Testing for drug use and disease in humans could soon be much simpler, thanks to new research. Whereas drug tests currently rely on blood or urine samples, researchers have identified a method for drug testing by analyzing various compounds in exhaled breath.
Pericytes, a little-understood type of cell on the brain's blood vessels, grow into the empty space when left neighboring pericytes die, such growth is a kind of brain plasticity that might be harnessed to fight age-related vascular disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease and stroke. The study findings were published in the Cell Reports .
A new study revealed that association between higher childhood blood lead levels and a greater risk for criminal behaviour (a dose-response relationship) in settings where blood lead levels are similar across low and high socioeconomic status was not clear.
In an observational study of patients who were prescribed varenicline (Chantix in the United States/Champix elsewhere, Pfizer) to stop smoking, treatment was associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events, researchers report. Patients in Ontario who visited the emergency room (ER) or were hospitalized for a cardiovascular event(MI or stroke) within a year before or after filling the first prescription for varenicline were 34% more likely to have this event during the 12-week varenicline-therapy period as opposed to before or after.
The normal immune cells called macrophages, which reside in healthy breast tissue surrounding milk ducts, play a major role in helping early breast cancer cells leave the breast for other parts of the body, potentially creating metastasis before a tumor has even developed, according to a study published in the journal Nature Communications.
Researchers discover that populations of Plasmodium vivax on the continent are as genetically diverse as in Southeast Asia, where malaria transmission is more frequent. Vivax's greater genetic diversity in the Americas in comparison with Falciparum species might be explained by a wider range of migratory routes.
A new study showed that the incidence of acute gastroenteritis (AG) reported by general practitioners (GPs) and emergency departments was lower following the emergence of norovirus GII.4 2012.
The aim of the study was to identify early and noninvasive markers of cardiovascular risk in young ADPKD patients, in the early stages of the disease.Cardiovascular disease is the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease ( ADPKD ) patients, often before the onset of renal failure , and the pathogenetic mechanism is not yet well elucidated.