All news from Anaesthesiology

An Upsurge in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Cases

According to new research by the Carsey School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire, from 2005 to 2015 the number of infants diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome ( NAS ) in the Granite State increased fivefold, from 52 to 269. In 2015, newborns diagnosed with NAS remained in the hospital 12 days on average, compared to three days for newborns not born exposed.

Mechanism of coenzyme Q production

CoQ deficiencies are occupied in scores of diseases, including liver and lung failures, muscle weakness, deafness and many brain disorders such as Parkinson's and cerebellar ataxia. The coenzyme is almost exclusively produced within the body and is often very difficult to replenish through nutritional supplements. This study has been published in the journal Molecular Cell.

Cholera Epidemics Valued With New Rule-Book

Researchers studied outbreaks in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean from the last 60 years. The results of two studies in Science, present a new 'rule-book' to estimate the risk of different cholera strains causing an epidemic. Despite being thought of as an ancient disease, cholera still affects 47 countries world-wide and claims the lives of nearly 100 thousand people a year. This study has been published in Science.

A Cholesterol Rate Can Be Eliminated from Routine Fasting

In this study, researchers showed an evidence with a new method of calculating so-called "bad cholesterol" levels in the blood is more accurate than the older method in people who did not fast before blood was drawn. Researchers suggest that routine fasting for testing cholesterol levels were eliminated for most of the people and making such screening more convenient. This study was published in Circulation.

A New Nanomedicine Prevents Pancreatic Cancer

A new study has discovered the medicine, which is a nanomedicine and pinpoints the inverse correlation between a known oncogene, a gene that promotes the development of cancer and the expression of an oncosuppressor microRNA as the reason for extended pancreatic cancer survival. The study may serve as a basis for the development of an effective cocktail of drugs for this deadly disease and other cancers. This published in Nature Communications.

Unexpected Sensorineural Hearing Loss Leads to Stroke

A study declines that Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is related with an increased incidence of stroke. Researchers recommend that SSNHL group included 154 patients diagnosed with the disorder from January 2003 through December 2005. A total of 616 controls (4:1) were involved in a matching cohort. Study participants were ages 45 to 64, and about half were women. All were monitored until 2013. This study has been published in JAMA Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.

Hair Color Of Men Can Be Spotted As Hair Follicle Problem; Barbers Identified

A recent study shows that researchers have graphed 50 barbers from 37 barbershops in Oklahoma City and found nearly four in five could identify a condition that often develops in the beard area of African-America men and other people with curly hair. Dr. Prince Adotama said that Pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB), also known as razor bumps, “can be a frustrating issue for all men.”  This study was published in JAMA Dermatology.

Hypogonadal Men Face The Risk Of PSA And Hormone Deficiency

A new study reported that all men had a prostate-specific antigen (PSA), digital rectal exam, and prostate ultrasound performed at the beginning of their initiation and periodically during follow-up. At median follow-up, prostate cancer was detected in 2.3% of the men who received hormone replacement; it was three times higher, at 6.9%, in the men who had not received any hormone replacement.

Effective New Spectroscopy for Searching Extraterrestrial Life

Researchers have developed a new instrument, which improves on an analytical technique known as micro Raman spectroscopy. This technique uses the interaction between laser light and a sample to provide chemical composition information on a microscopic scale. It can detect organic compounds such as the amino acids found in living things and identify minerals formed by biochemical processes on Earth that might indicate life on other planets. This study got published in The Optical Society Journal Applied Optics.