All news from Anaesthesiology

Surgical Dressing Speeds Up The Process Of Healing In Diabetic Foot Ulcer

In the study, when sucrose compared to octasulfate to placebo dressing in 240 patients with neuroischemic diabetic foot ulcers, wound healing was knowingly improved among patients given the active dressing. Currently there are no proven treatments for neuroischemic ulcers, defined as those arising in the presence of both peripheral neuropathy and peripheral arterial disease, with the latter condition significantly worsening prognosis. This study was published in Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

Stem Cell-Derived Retinal Pigment Epithelium for Blindness

Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI) report that tiny tube-like protrusions called primary cilia on cells of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The discovery has advanced efforts to make stem cell-derived RPE for transplantation into patients with geographic atrophy, otherwise known as dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The study findings were published in the Cell Reports.

Comparison Of Emergency Medical Dispatch With Accuracy

According to a new study, researchers aimed to compare the accuracy, measured as priority level, between two Swedish dispatch protocols, the three-graded priority protocol Medical Index and a newly developed prototype, the four-graded priority protocol, RETTS-A. Emergency medical dispatching should be as accurate as possible to ensure patient safety and optimize the use of ambulance resources.  

New NASA research is serving to improve our insights of candidate planets

According to this study, a new research on NASA has been developed, which is helping to refine our understanding of candidate planets beyond our solar system that might support life. Yuka Fujii said, "Using a model that more realistically simulates atmospheric conditions, we discovered a new process that controls the habitability of exoplanets and will guide us in identifying candidates for further study." This new research published in the Astrophysical Journal.

Modern Developments In Anaesthetic Technique

A new study showed a development in perioperative analgesia and mortality scoring systems, changes to intra-operative anaesthetic technique and strategies to reduce the requirement for blood transfusion.  Patients suffering a hip fracture are usually elderly, with a median age of 83 years, and co-existing chronic illnesses. Around 30% of patients with hip fracture also suffer from cognitive dysfunction and the requirement for urgent surgery in this patient group can be challenging to the anaesthetist.

Advanced Placental Perfusion MR Imaging in Pregnancies Complicated by CHD

In pregnancies complicated by fetal congenital heart disease (CHD), global placental perfusion was significantly decreased and regional variation of placental perfusion significantly increased as pregnancies progressed, findings that point to non-invasive imaging providing an early warning of placental dysfunction. A Children's National Health System (CNHS) researchers report placental perfusion abnormalities in pregnancies complicated by fetal CHD measured using non-invasive fetal MRI techniques.