All news from Anaesthesiology

Grants to Improve Respiratory Health Worldwide

The American Thoracic Society Foundation, the philanthropic arm of the American Thoracic Society, was established in 2004 to raise funds for the ATS Foundation Research Program. Through the Research Program, the ATS Foundation invests in talented investigators from around the world, launching careers dedicated to scientific discovery and better patient care.

The awardees explore such diverse topics as lung cancer, asthma, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, COPD, sleep apnea, and more.

Diversity of Monocytes

New research published in the journal Immunity, has revealed that the monocyte-derived dendritic cells are not identical descendants, but rather a very diverse mixture. The finding is important for the further development of tailor-made immunotherapies for combating tumour cells.

An early supportive care might be triggered by common cold

The study found that other signs of respiratory distress, such as low arterial blood oxygen or rapid shallow breathing, were no more common in severely premature children (less than 32 weeks of gestational age) than in kids born preterm or full-term. The findings have implications for administering supportive care sooner or more intensively for severely premature children than for other infants.

Caution on Genetically Engineered HSCs

In a research published in the New England Journal of Medicine, researcher expressed cautious optimism about efforts to genetically engineer hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to temporarily resist cell death during transplantation. While these gene therapy approaches could dramatically improve patient outcomes, their risks must be carefully studied in diverse models.

Elephantiasis: Portable 3-D scanner provided accurate assessment

An estimated 120 million people worldwide are infected with lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic, mosquito-borne disease that can cause major swelling and deformity of the legs, a condition known as elephantiasis. Health-care workers rely on leg measurements to assess the severity of the condition. However, measuring legs that are severely swollen often proves cumbersome and impractical.

Rhopressa: FDA Approved New Glaucoma Drug

A 12-year-old Duke University spinoff founded by two Duke professors has received regulatory approval for its first drug: eleven-a-day eye drops for glaucoma patients.  Aerie Pharmaceuticals received approval for the medication, Rhopressa , from the Food and Drug Administration ( FDA )

Cerebellum Involved in Processing Traumatic Memories

When a person is diagnosed and treated for long-term potentially fatal diseases such as cancer, they often accumulate distressing and traumatic experiences along the way. A new study from the Marcus Institute of Integrative Health at Thomas Jefferson University reveals how Neuro Emotional Technique (NET) substantially alters the brain’s response to traumatic memories and reveals the potential importance of the cerebellum in regulating the brain and body’s response to traumatic stress.