All news from Anaesthesiology

Mysteries behind diversity of DNA composition uncovered

DNA mutations found to be biased toward favoring 'G-C' content. To make the iconic, twisted double helix that accounts for the diversity of life, DNA rules specify that G always pairs with C, and A with T. But, when it's all added up, the amount of G+C vs A+T content among species is not a simple fixed percentage or, standard one-to-one ratio.

Comprehensive health study in India

A new state-by-state health analysis in India finds that over two decades heart- and lung-related conditions, as well as other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), have surpassed infectious diseases, such as diarrhea and tuberculosis, as the nation's leading killers. The extent of this difference, however, varies significantly among the nation's 29 states and seven union territories.

Painful Sex and Bladder Problems

New study provides added insights as to why women become less sexually active as they age. As women age, sexual activity typically declines. But that doesn't necessarily mean they are no longer interested in sex. The problem for many is physical.

An increasing frequency and severity of bacterium due to dietary sugar

Researcher’s team revealed that in laboratory tests and animal models, trehalose develops the virulence of epidemic C. difficile lineages that predominate in patient infections. An increasing frequency and severity of healthcare-associated outbreaks caused by bacterium Clostridium difficile have been linked to the widely used food additive trehalose. This study has been published in Journal Nature.

Typbar-TCV achieves WHO prequalification

A typhoid conjugate vaccine has been prequalified by the World Health Organization (WHO), bringing the vaccine one step closer to reaching millions more people at risk of typhoid.

Typbar-TCV, a Vi-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine manufactured by Indian company Bharat Biotech, is the first typhoid conjugate vaccine to achieve WHO prequalification. The vaccine, which is currently licensed in India and Nepal as a single, intramuscular dose, has been shown to elicit a robust immune response in infants as young as six months of age.

Higher symptomatic cause chronic rhinosinusitis in Patients

Researchers study the clinical features and explore if the presence of biofilm, nasal polyps or other disease individual could serve as predictor for the symptomatic load. A patient group undergoing septoplasty without disease of the sinuses was included as control. Patient population undergoing functional endoscopic sinonasal surgery (FESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis, CRS patients with or without nasal polyps are a heterogeneous group with various phenotypes and characteristics such as allergic rhinitis, eosinophilic inflammation, fungal allergy.

Hormone Therapy and Chronic Conditions are to be balanced

Professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital told that, they generally agree with the approvals of the Task Force against the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the express purpose of trying to prevent cardiovascular disease or other chronic conditions. They have heard from many clinicians and patients that that's the case and that this is leading to confusion. This report was published in JAMA.

Excesss Fat Disrupts Heart Cells' Ability To Produce Energy

The heart cells’ ability to produce energy could be disrupted if the heart consists of excess fat levels. The researchers from the University of Iowa study identified this condition. Researchers believe the mechanism may contribute to the two- to five-fold increased risk of heart failure in people with diabetes.

Medicare payments to 751 hospitals to penalize for patients

According to a study, more than half also were punished last year through the penalty, which was created by the Affordable Care Act and began four years ago. The program is designed as a financial incentive for hospitals to avoid infections and other mishaps, such as blood clots and bedsores. Hospitals that treat large proportions of low-income people also were fined more than hospitals with a more affluent patient base, the analysis found. About a third of those safety-net hospitals were penalized.