All news from Anaesthesiology

Bi-annual MRI More Effective than Mammograms for Women with Genetic Risk

Intensive surveillance including a dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) exam every six months was far more effective in detecting breast cancer in younger women with a high-risk genetic profile than an annual mammogram, according to a research team based at the University of Chicago Medicine and the University of Washington, Seattle.

Cannula Insertion into A Vein

Research on local anesthetic was examined from the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Patients who are given a local anesthetic before having a venous cannula inserted have a clearly reduced sensation of pain when larger gauge cannulas are used. Compared with intradermal lidocaine infusion, the use of vapocoolant spray has the advantage that the rate of venepuncture failures is lower.

New Treatments Were Offered For Atopic Dermatitis

According to new study, Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) also known as eczema often face a tough, uphill battle for treatment. Symptoms include severe itching, scaly rashes, extreme dry skin and inflammation. Those who suffer from AD spend sleepless, itchy nights fearing they have nowhere to turn and their symptoms may never resolve. This creates therapeutic challenges for clinicians treating AD. This study was published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

To fight against Cholera, Zambia president supports

Researchers found an outbreak, which appeared very severe for patients and it was reported. The number of cases then surged, with 136 in the week beginning Nov. 26, the World Health Organisation reported. Zambian President Edgar Lungu has directed the military to help fight the spread of cholera, which has killed 41 people in the nation's capital and made more than 1,500 others sick since late September.

Sleeping Sickness Turns Out to Be Circadian Rhythm Disorder

One of Africa's most lethal diseases is actually a circadian rhythm disorder caused by the acceleration of biological clocks controlling a range of vital functions besides sleep, reports Nature Communications. By understanding which clock genes are affected by the parasitic disease, scientists hope the research will eventually prove useful in developing new therapeutic alternatives to the current toxic treatments that are occasionally fatal to patients.

Dibenzoazepine: A Defender Against Resistant Hepatitis C

Highly effective treatments for hepatitis C virus (HCV) have become available in recent years, drug-resistant viral strains can still lead to treatment failure for a sizable proportion of patients. Now, in a recent study published in PNAS Plus, reported a class of chemicals that can combat resistant strains of the HCV, as well as parasites that cause malaria and toxoplasmosis.