All news from Anaesthesiology

Stem cell approach sheds light on heart disease

While refining ways to grow arterial endothelial cells in the lab, a regenerative biology team at the Morgridge Institute for Research unexpectedly unearthed a powerful new model for studying a hallmark of vascular disease.

The team, led by Morgridge Institute Fellow Dave Vereide, describes in the issue of Stem Cell Research a new method of creating human arterial endothelial cells from cord blood and adult bone marrow sources. These cells, which have been notoriously difficult to grow in stable quantities, are essential to any future tissue engineering efforts to combat heart disease.

Identical Twins Share an Additional Level of Molecular Similarity

An international group of researchers has discovered a new phenomenon that occurs in identical twins: independent of their identical genes, they share an additional level of molecular similarity that influences their biological characteristics. The reasearch results were appeared in the journal Genome Biology. The researchers propose a mechanism to explain the extra level of similarity and show that it is associated with risk of cancer in adulthood.

Treating Adult Patients In Emergency Department

According to this study, researchers decline the newest and most advanced of its kind in Chicago, cared for about two dozen patients within its first three hours. UChicago Medicine expects to begin providing adult trauma services in May 2018, pending approval by the Illinois Department of Public Health.The new ED, located in the ground floor of 5656 S. Maryland Ave., replaced the previous facility in the Bernard A. Mitchell Hospital that was built in 1983.

Novel Map Offers New Insight into the Replication Machinery of a Chronic Virus

An acute viral infection usually results in full recovery and effective immune memory, but chronic viruses evade the immune system and remain permanently in the host's body. Treating such viruses is a difficult task, as the molecular events during the development of a chronic infection remain largely elusive. So a new study published in PLOS Pathogens made an important contribution to the understanding of chronic viral infections.