The Prostate Health Index (phi) is a cost-effective tool used by urologists to detect prostate cancer. It reduces the risk of overdiagnosis and cuts down on the need to send men for unnecessary and often uncomfortable biopsies. So says Jay White of Carolina Urology Partners in the US, lead author of a study in the journal Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases, published by Springer Nature.
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Repeated vaccination for influenza in older adults reduced the severity of the virus and reduced hospital admissions, found new research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal)
The more than 200 different types of human cells have the same DNA but express different ensembles of genes. Each cell type was derived from embryonic stem cells, which are called pluripotent stem cells because they can differentiate into all those different cell fates.
According to Dr. Diane Calello, NJ Poison Control Center Executive and Medical Director, Rutgers NJ Medical School's Department of Emergency MedicineSevere weather results in illness and deaths from hypothermia and carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning, as well as exposures to a variety of substances. Carbon monoxide is known as the "Silent Killer" for a reason. It is a gas that gives no warning, can not see it, smell it or taste it. The good news: These exposures are preventable.
According to researchers, Microbiologists at the University of California, Davis who analyzed swabs taken by astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) and compared them with samples from homes on earth as well as the Human Microbiome Project found that the microbial community in this unique habitat was very diverse and more closely resembled that of homes than of humans. This has been published in PeerJ.
Scientists are one step closer to artificial muscles. Orthotics have come a long way, yet innovation lapsed when it came to compensating for muscle power — until now. A collaborative research team has designed a wearable robot to support a person's hip joint while walking.
Researchers from Australia has found that freezing and subsequent transfer of embryos gives infertile couples just as much of a chance of having a child as using fresh embryos for in vitro fertilization (IVF). The study findings were published in the The New England Journal of Medicine
Until now, many scientists believed that a single protein – TRPM5 – acted as a gatekeeper for tasting these delectable foods. Remove TRPM5 from a person's taste cells, and they would not be able to identify sweet, bitter or savory foods. A new study challenges this thinking. The research, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ( PNAS ), finds that a second protein – TRPM4 – performs a similar role in the taste system.
Scientists at The University of Manchester have discovered that most people with osteoarthritis can be subdivided into two distinct disease groups, with implications for diagnosis and drug development. The study was published in an international journal Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.
A new study, published in European Eating Disorders Review, has shown that receiving cross-sex hormone therapy (CHT) can help to reduce the feelings of body dissatisfaction associated with eating disorders including anorexia and bulimia in transgender people.
MossRehab 's Drucker Brain Injury Unit and the Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute (MRRI) – both part of Einstein Healthcare Network in Philadelphia – received their renewal grant for the 5th time from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) to continue as a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Model System .