All news from Anaesthesiology

Kidney Stone Disease: Novel discovery could improve diagnosis and early screening

An interdisciplinary research team led by the National University of Singapore (NUS) has recently discovered a unique panel of urine biomarkers that could accurately diagnose nephrolithiasis, also commonly known as kidney stones. These urine biomarkers may potentially be used to screen individuals at a higher risk of developing the disease. Early intervention strategies could greatly reduce the economic and social burden of the increasingly prevalent and highly recurrent disease.

Pneumonia: Bad air quality along Utah's Wasatch Front aggravate conditions

Air pollution trapped by winter inversions along Utah's Wasatch Front, the state's most populated region, is estimated to send more than 200 people to the emergency room with pneumonia each year, according to a study by University of Utah Health and Intermountain Healthcare. Bad air quality especially erodes the health of adults over age 65, a population particularly vulnerable to the effects of pneumonia.

Bile Acids Associate with Fat Loss

A new study has suggested that a specific group of bile acids could directly burn away the lipids in fat depots, effectively making it a new therapy against obesity.When bile acids concentration in the blood reaches a certain level, it can turn up the thermostat and increase fat burning for energy and heat production. 

Old World Monkeys could be Potential Key to Stop the Progression of Rheumatoid Arthritis

In the quest for a new and more effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, researchers from the Keck School of Medicine of USC looked to a primate. It was a particular peptide only found in Old World monkeys, called θ-defensin 1 (RTD-1), that the researchers believed had the potential to stop or even reverse the progression of rheumatoid arthritis. The promising results of their study were published in PLOS ONE.

Blood Stem Cells: The HLF Gene Protects Them

"The study confirms several previous studies that show the HLF gene's significance in blood formation", says Mattias Magnusson who led the new study. The results can have important applications in bone marrow transplants, as well as contribute to our knowledge of how leukemia develops.