A new study reported that with the global imprisonment rate increasing annually, the extent to which the burden of self-harm is concentrated in prisons is also likely to be increasing. The burden of self-harm and suicide in prison is considerable; a study from the UK estimated that the annual prevalence of self-harm in prisons was 5–6% in men and 20–24% in women.
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The new Overdose RIsk InfOrmatioN (ORION) e-health psychoeducational tool, designed to help opioid-dependent individuals prevent an overdose, can impart new knowledge and impact a person's intention to change opioid abuse behavior, but it did not improve overall self-efficacy in overdose prevention.
Researchers compared the efficacy of intravenous cyclophosphamide ( IVCP ) with oralcyclophosphamide ( OCP ) in patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome ( SRNS ) in children by a randomized , parallel group, active-controlled trial.
While past exposure to influenza A viruses often builds immunity to similar, and sometimes different, strains of the virus, Canadian researchers are calling for more attention to exceptions to that rule.
In a study published in Nature Cell Biology, the Researchers from the Genomic Instability and Cancer Laboratory at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) have identified a key role for EXD2 in protein production in the mitochondria, the cellular organelles responsible for the majority of energy generation.
Methods from optogenetics and machine learning should improve treatment options for stroke patients. Researchers from Heidelberg University have developed a computer vision technique to analyze the changes in motor skills that result from targeted stimulation of healthy areas of the brain. Movements recorded with a video camera are automatically analyzed to monitor the rehabilitation process and evaluate and adjust the optogenetic stimulation.
A new study published in the peer-reviewed journal Digestive Disease and Sciences showed the results of using the Genetic Analysis (GA)-map™ Dysbiosis Test for identifying IBS patients who respond to the FODMAP diet and thus receive symptom relief.
A study includes of international research team, they have identified the new gene regions in young people who have already developed type 1 diabetes or who have started making antibodies against their insulin-producing cells, often a precursor state to the full-blown disease that leads to a lifetime of insulin therapy. This study is published in the Journal of Autoimmunity.
The antibiotics trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole ( Bactrim ) and nitrofurantoin ( Macrobid ) have been linked to a small risk for birth defects in pregnant women when given in the first trimester. According to a report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, despite the risk, many pregnant women are still getting these antibiotics. The study report was published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) announced the introduction of the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement Advanced (BPCI Advanced) model for physicians and other healthcare professionals to try to increase their Medicare reimbursement with an initiative centred on bundling pay for episodes of care, such as a major joint replacement.
The study, published in Science Translational Medicine, describes that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection impairs the ability of lymphatic vessels to pump lymphatic fluid to lymph nodes in mouse models, which may contribute to the frequent recurrences of MRSA infection experienced by patients.
A new study has revealed a significant link between cardiovascular disease and stroke risk in women who began menstruating before the age of 12. The study was published in the BMJ journal Heart