All news from Anaesthesiology

Self-harm after Release from Prison Increased

A new study reported that with the global imprisonment rate increasing annually, the extent to which the burden of self-harm is concentrated in prisons is also likely to be increasing. The burden of self-harm and suicide in prison is considerable; a study from the UK estimated that the annual prevalence of self-harm in prisons was 5–6% in men and 20–24% in women.

e-Health Tool: Opioid Overdose Prevention and Self-Efficacy

The new  Overdose RIsk InfOrmatioN (ORION) e-health psychoeducational tool, designed to help opioid-dependent individuals prevent an overdose, can impart new knowledge and impact a person's intention to change opioid abuse behavior, but it did not improve overall self-efficacy in overdose prevention.

Optogenetics and Machine Learning Technique for Stroke Rehabilitation

Methods from optogenetics and machine learning should improve treatment options for stroke patients. Researchers from Heidelberg University have developed a computer vision technique to analyze the changes in motor skills that result from targeted stimulation of healthy areas of the brain. Movements recorded with a video camera are automatically analyzed to monitor the rehabilitation process and evaluate and adjust the optogenetic stimulation.

Birth Defects Linked with UTI Antibiotics during Pregnancy

The antibiotics trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole ( Bactrim ) and nitrofurantoin ( Macrobid ) have been linked to a small risk for birth defects in pregnant women when given in the first trimester. According to a report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, despite the risk, many pregnant women are still getting these antibiotics. The study report was published in the  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

Introduction of BPCI Advanced Model for Physicians

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) announced the introduction of the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement Advanced (BPCI Advanced) model for physicians and other healthcare professionals to try to increase their Medicare reimbursement with an initiative centred on bundling pay for episodes of care, such as a major joint replacement.