Researchers have found that the immune system has been shown to react to fast foods containing excess salt and calories and this activation of the immune system to fast foods is similar to its reaction to bacterial infections. The study findings reported in the latest issue of the journal Cell.
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Researchers determined whether the longitudinal course of Parkinson's disease in patients with the LRRK2 mutation differs from the longitudinal course of PD in patients without the mutation . Patients with the LRRK2 mutation demonstrate slower decline in motor functioning than patients without the mutation, which may have implications for the use of emerging disease-modifying agents.
The use of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV by men who have sex with men (MSM) is associated with increased rates of sexually transmitted infection (STI), researchers from Canada report.
A new study has shown that primary care physicians (PCPs) continue to prescribe medications for behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) because they view them as safer and more effective than controlled studies report. PCPs use drugs for symptoms with a direct threat of harm but also to meet patient-oriented goals, including easing patient suffering.
Greg Gloor, together with a team of scientists at Western, McMaster and Guelph universities, worked to address the problem by developing what he calls "highly targeted nuclear warhead" molecule to modify an individual's microbiome and hone in on eradicating only bad bacteria , when they invade .
About 40% of older women and up to 35% of older men live with distressing urinary symptoms, including difficulty with bladder control and urinating (sometimes known as "voiding"), which often compromise the quality of life and overall health.
The lack of truly effective and safe therapies for these challenges stems from insufficient knowledge of the biological mechanisms for urinary control, the impact of aging and disease on urinary control, and the relationships of symptoms to urinary health and overall well-being.
According to a study, researchers worked on Implementing a default option for a lower quantity of tablets in the electronic medical records (EMR) discharge orders may help combat the issue by "nudging" physicians to prescribe smaller quantities consistent with prescribing guidelines Penn Medicine researchers show in a new study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
An interdisciplinary research team of scientists began exploring the three-dimensional organization of the genome plays a key role in gene expression and consequently in determining cell fate. The study findings were published in the Nature Genetics
The study led by researchers from the University of Nottingham's Institute for Aerospace Technology (IAT), together with academic staff from the Bioengineering and Human Factors Research Groups, have demonstrated that facial temperatures, which can be easily measured using a non-invasive thermal camera, are strongly correlated to mental workload. This study published in Human Factors.
In this study, research shows that a link between physicians' opioid prescription patterns and following abuse has occupied the attention of a nation in the throes of an opioid. Most clinical efforts have focused on minimizing risk through dosage management. This study shows that among surgery patients with no history of recent or chronic opioid use how long a person takes the drugs for is a more potent predictor of abuse and overdose than how much medication a patient takes. The study published in BMJ.
In a nested case-control study published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine, researchers have reported that in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), new use of inhaled long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) or long-acting antimuscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) is associated with an approximate 1.5-fold increased cardiovascular risk within one month of initiation therapy.