All news from Anaesthesiology

Early Detection of Common Cancers by Single Blood Test

Researchers developed a single blood test, CancerSEEK, that screens for eight common cancer types and helps identify the location of cancer. The test is a unique non-invasive, multianalyte test that simultaneously evaluates levels of eight cancer proteins and the presence of cancer gene mutations from circulating DNA in the blood. The study findings published in Science.

Protein Longevity Secrets; Study Revealed

A study showed that Klotho proteins play an important role in the regulation of longevity and metabolism. In a recent study, researchers revealed the three-dimensional structure of one of these proteins, beta-Klotho, illuminating its intricate mechanism and therapeutic potential. The study published in Nature.

Flu Spread just by Breathing, a new study

According to a new University of Maryland-led study released, flu transmission reveals that we may pass the flu to others just by breathing. While, people commonly believe that they can catch the flu by exposure to droplets from an infected person's coughs or sneezes or by touching contaminated surfaces. 

Baby Brains Could Predict Before It Happens

Researchers at Penn State are using new statistical analysis methods to compare how we observe infants develop new skills with the unseen changes in electrical activity in the brain, or electroencephalography ( EEG ) power. They found that most babies appear to learn new skills in irregular bursts, while their EEG power grows steadily behind the scenes. The study was published in the  Child Development 

First Map Of Gene Regulation In Human Brain Evolution

In this study, researchers have developed the first map of gene regulation in human neurogenesis, the process by which neural stem cells turn into brain cells and the cerebral cortex expands in size. The scientists identified factors that govern the growth of our brains. Brain development is guided by the expression of genes in certain brain regions or cell types, as well as during specific time frames.

Patients In A Pre-Anaesthetic Clinic Should Be Taken Care In Hospital

According to this study, researchers declared in a pre-anaesthetic clinic (PAC), as in any clinical service, patient satisfaction is important. This may be influenced by many factors. The main factor adversely affecting patient satisfaction is time spent in the clinic. Total time spent in PAC can be split into two parts: waiting time and consultation time, which have been defined. Patients needing emergency surgery are also not seen as they are assessed in the operating theatre itself.

Modular Gene Enhancer Plays Role in Leukaemia

In a study published in Nature, scientists have found that the role of Myc (generation of new blood cells in bone marrow and role in cancer) is determined by a distant section of DNA that contains a cluster of gene enhancers. In certain blood cancer cells, this cluster has been altered, which affects Myc activity and thereby accelerates cancer growth and affects how cancer responds to chemotherapy. This cluster of enhancers might, therefore, be a suitable target for the treatment of blood cancer.

Microbiota Metabolite Indole Inhibits Salmonella Virulence, Study Reveals

Researchers investigated the effect of indole exposure on  Salmonella  virulence and infection. A competitive index test was used to compare the fitness of indole-treated and non-treated  Salmonella  in infecting mice. In addition, the effect of indole on other Salmonella functions important for infection such as motility, invasion, intracellular survival, and SPI-1 gene expression was also investigated.