Testing new clinical drugs' effect on heart tissue could become quicker and more straightforward, thanks to new research. The study sets out a new, faster method for manufacturing a 'heart-on-a-chip,' which can be used to test the reaction of heart tissue to external stimuli.
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About 1 in every 160 pregnancies in the United States ends in stillbirth . A new study suggests many of these tragedies are "potentially" avoidable, with better prenatal and obstetric care , that stillbirth rate might improve. The study was published in the Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Major beer companies have rolled out marketing campaigns and products that pair beer with university colors, mascots, and logos. The research published in Psychological Science shows that such campaigns may enhance the motivational significance of marketed beer brands, especially for students who identify strongly with their university. The researchers conclude that this effect could potentially increase underage students' alcohol consumption.
A research team developed a new laboratory test for synthetic opioids and heroin using saliva and to investigate the prevalence of these drugs among prisoners and arrestees.
A new international study, published in the Annals of Rheumatic Diseases (ARD), has made an important discovery about the key role of macrophages, a type of immune cell, in systemic sclerosis (SSc), a chronic autoimmune disease which currently has no cure.
New research published in Geriatrics & Gerontology International has found that tooth loss may contribute to musculoskeletal frailty in the old people ( age>50) with fewer than 20 teeth being at greatest risk.
University of Pittsburgh scientists are unlocking the complexities of a recently discovered cell death process that plays a key role in health and disease, and new findings link their discovery to asthma, kidney injury, and brain trauma. The results, reported today in the journal Cell, are the early steps toward drug development that could transform emergency and critical care treatment.
Researchers have applied Nobel prize-winning microscope technology to uncover an ion channel structure that could lead to new treatments for kidney stones . The study was published in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology , revealed atomic-level of the protein that serves as a passageway for calcium across the kidney cell membranes.
In a new study reported in the ACS Sensors, scientists have developed a colourimetric sensing strategy employing gold nanoparticles and a paper-based analytical platform for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). By utilizing the surface plasmon resonance effect, they were able to monitor changes in the colour of a gold nanoparticle colloid based on the effects of single-stranded DNA probe molecules hybridizing with targeted double-stranded TB DNA.
A new study, published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, explores mortality in the window following the use of surgery or focused radiation to treat early-stage lung cancer. Patients with early-stage lung cancer who underwent stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) had a better post-treatment survival rate than those who received surgery.
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome ( HGPS ) is an extremely rare fatal genetic disorder which causes sufferers to age prematurely. Scientists have identified protein biomarkers which can be used to assess how HGPS patients have reacted to treatment. The study was published in the Pediatric Research .
Sports scientists have found that the performance-enhancing benefits of caffeine are more apparent in athletes who do not drink caffeine-rich drinks such as tea, coffee, and energy drinks on a daily basis.