Cystic fibrosis shortens life by making the lungs prone to repeated bacterial infections and associated inflammation. A new study, published in PLoS Pathogens , has shown that the lungs' bacterial population changes in the first few years of life as respiratory infections and inflammation set in.
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A new study found that women who took a specially prepared blend of minerals and nutrients for a month saw their 3-mile run times drop by almost a minute. The women who took the supplement also saw improvements in distance covered in 25 minutes on a stationary bike and a third test in which they stepped on and off a bench, according to new research.
In the study, scientists revealed that Crew members aboard the International Space Station will begin conducting research soon to improve the way we grow crystals on Earth. The information gained from the experiments could speed up the process for drug development, benefiting humans around the world.
An observational study published in BMJ Quality & Safety has suggested that better satisfaction with GP hours, for example, because of extended opening hours, does not affect the number of visits made to A&E in their geographical area. However, making the appointment booking process easier for patients was associated with slightly fewer A&E visits in that area.
For radiosynovectomy , researchers have measured the retention time of yttrium-90 ( 90 Y) hydroxyapatite (particle size 1-10 μm) within the knee joint space and evaluated the treatment responses in knees with rheumatoid arthritis .
By identifying why skin immunity declines in old age, a UCL-led research team has found that an anti-inflammatory pill could help make vaccines more effective for elderly people.
The study, published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, found that an excessive inflammation reaction in older people can obstruct the immune system.
A study suggests that people with diabetes than diabetics living in more affluent areas. Communities with lower employment, income and education that have scant resources to support exercise and healthy eating have long been linked to an increased risk of developing diabetes. The study published in Diabetes Care.
In an assessment of their "depression literacy" program, which has already been taught to tens of thousands, Johns Hopkins researchers say the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP) achieved its intended effect of encouraging many teenagers to speak up and seek adult help for themselves or a peer.
According to new research published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology, interferential electrical stimulation of the lower abdomen and lower back is a useful adjuvant to pelvic floor muscle exercises for relieving functional constipation in children.
Scientists have discovered synthetic APC-mimicking small molecules called parmodulins provide anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic protection to endothelial cells on par with APC's without interfering with normal blood clotting and coagulation, making them attractive new drug candidates. The results are reported in the issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
In a recent study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an interdisciplinary team of scientists from The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) discovered that two large protein kinases, ATM and ATR, cooperate to help establish the go/stop balance in human brains.
While India has witnessed an increase in life expectancy thanks to advances in medical science and technology, what is also increasing is the number of people leading sedentary lifestyles and eating food that is unhealthy . All this has contributed to an increase in the number of obesity cases and as a natural corollary, given to rise to orthopedic problems . Knee pain seems to be the most common problem.