As the role of primary care physicians play an important role in controlling risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke, the team hypothesized that longer road-distance to a primary care physician, which may be linked to poor primary care accessibility, may be a significant risk factor for death from stroke and/or ischemic heart disease. However, a new research has reported that longer road-distance to a primary care facility may increase the risk of stroke mortality.
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Researchers reported the biochemical and genetic characteristics of a novel Metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs), ElBla2, from the marine bacterium Erythrobacter litoralis HTCC 2594. The enzyme has a higher amino acid sequence similarity to New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) (56%) than any previously reported MBL.
A new study published in BMJ Quality & Safety reported that researchers helped to lead the way in providing hospitals a new approach to quantify and monitor diagnostic errors in their quality improvement efforts to reduce patient misdiagnoses and associated poor patient outcomes from lack of prompt treatment. The approach, called Symptom-Disease Pair Analysis of Diagnostic Error, or SPADE, is featured.
Researchers report a case of iatrogenic injury to the parotid duct after Mohs' surgery micographic for a squamous cell carcinoma in the left jaw excision region, Treated by injection of botulinum toxin type A . Although the fistula by duct injury can be self-limiting, botulinum toxin injection by promoting the inactivity of the salivary gland allows rapid healing of the fistula .
According to this study, researchers examined a relation between skin microbiome and filaggrin gene (FLG) mutations propose a possible association between skin microbiome and host genetics. To assess skin and nasal microbiome diversity and composition in patients with AD and compare with healthy controls, and to investigate the microbiome in relation to disease severity and FLG mutations in patients with AD.
A comparative study of the effects of methadone versus morphine using the numerical rating scale of pain and postoperative on-demand analgesia in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization. Pain is an aggravating factor of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Among the options for postoperative management of cardiac surgeries are opioid analgesics and supportive measures.
According to a new study, researchers Frances Bozsik of the University of Missouri-Kansas City in the US, beauty pageant winners tell us that thin female bodies are still rated as attractive. However, US women's perceptions of what constitutes the perfect female figure have evolved in recent years to a "thin and toned" ideal. The study published in Springer's journal Sex Roles.
According to a new study led by King's College London, adolescents who have experienced some form of racism between the ages of 11 and 23 are more likely to take up smoking than those who have not.
Sandia National Laboratories is developing specialized computer modeling and simulation methods to better understand how blasts on a battlefield could lead to traumatic brain injury and injuries to vital organs, like the heart and lungs.
New technology is bringing the power of augmented reality into clinical practice. The system, called ProjectDR, allows medical images such as CT scans and MRI data to be displayed directly on a patient's body in a way that moves as the patient does.