All news from Anaesthesiology

Non-public EDs prevalent in communities with public hospital

Researchers focuses on improving value in health care delivery through care coordination, and access to care for vulnerable populations. The practice of indirect referrals by non-public emergency departments and their affiliated physicians are prevalent in communities with a public hospital option. Uninsured patients are the most affected. This study was published in Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM), a journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM).

Middle Aged Men’s Heart Older Than Their Actual Ages

A recent analysis led by the Public Health England (PHE) revealed that approximately 10% of the 50-year-olds with a poor lifestyle have a heart of a 60-year-old man. The results suggested that they (who took the Heart Age Test; done to check if people were at risk of heart attack and stroke) could die 10 years before they should if their lifestyle continues in the manner.

Receiving Right Depression Medication: Predicting Treatment Response

A new study published in the journal PLOS Biology suggests why an antidepressant treatment can alleviate depression in one person but not another. The researchers developed a mouse model that allowed them to identify blood signatures associated with response to antidepressant treatment and could show the importance of the stress-related glucocorticoid receptor in recovery from depression.

Novel genes of type 2 diabetic islets were identified

A combined study by Prof. Michele Solimena have demonstrated a novel cluster of dysregulated genes in the pancreatic islets of patients with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, which affects more than 500 million people worldwide, results from the inability of beta cells in the pancreatic islets to provide the body with enough insulin to maintain blood glucose levels. These findings are now published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]).

Alternative Therapies to Combat Antibiotic Resistance

The mild infections may make a large contribution to antibiotic use, and could have a big impact on resistance evolution. A new study published in the journal PLOS Biology suggests that development of alternative therapies for mild infections could help slow the development and spread of antibiotic resistance, thereby preserving the drugs' effectiveness for use in severe infections.

FDA Approved: New Dermatological Drugs Introduced In 2017

New drugs translate to the advancement of health care in the United States, and each year the CDER approves a wide range of new drugs and biological products. In 2015 and 2016, the FDA approved 45 and 29 new therapies, respectively. This year, the FDA is on pace to approve about 38 new medications. Additions to the drug market this year cover a variety of diseases and ailments, providing prescribers with more options and the ability to optimize drug therapy.