Recent studies in which marijuana users took controlled doses of cannabis in the lab have identified new biomarkers that can be used to estimate a person's recent cannabinoid intake. But, using those markers to judge cognitive and behavioral impairment is complex. The study was published in the journal Trends in Molecular Medicine.
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Many patients who receive lung transplantation (LT) operations develop varying degrees of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after the surgeries. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered to be related to the process of bronchiolitis obliterans.
According to a new study published in BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, when the health visitor uses video feedback in accordance with the Marte Meo method as part of his or her work with the new mother, it strengthens the relationship between the infant child and the mother.
Many clinical practice guidelines encourage diagnosis and empiric treatment of lower urinary tract infection without laboratory investigation; however, urine culture testing remains one of the largest volume tests in the clinical microbiology laboratory.
Researchers showed more constant perioperative hemodynamic conditions, lower costs and a lower perioperative complication rate were reported in young healthy patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery in spinal anesthesia (SA) compared to general anesthesia (GA).
According to a study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, women who are pregnant or who want to get pregnant will want to avoid diets that reduce or eliminate carbohydrates , as they could increase the risk of having babies with neural tube birth defects ill . The study findings were published in the journal Birth Defects Research
A new method to create synthetic neurons allows researchers to investigate how the human brain makes metabolic building blocks essential for the survival of all living organisms. A new study describes a core enzyme involved in the synthesis of these building blocks, called purines, and how the enzyme might change during infection by herpes simplex virus. An early version of the paper describing the enzyme appears online in Jan. 2018 in the Journal of Neurochemistry, and a paper describing the neuron-like cells appeared in Dec. 2017 issue of the Journal of Virology.
A new Project Research Openness for Validation with Empirical Data (PROVEDIt) database that can help to bring more reliability to the interpretation of complex DNA evidence. The database will help reduce the risk of misinterpreting the profile. PROVEDIt database is published in the journal Forensic Science International: Genetics.
In a study, researchers examined observational study of Children with Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS), characterized principally by abnormal fusion of 2 or more cervical vertebrae, may have many additional congenital anomalies. The overall prevalence of otolaryngologic manifestations among patients with KFS has not been previously characterized.
Researchers at deCODE genetics demonstrate that parental genes, both those that are transmitted to the child and those not transmitted, can affect the child's fate through their impact on the parents and the kind of nurturing they provide. The researchers call this phenomenon "genetic nurture." The study findings were published in the Science.
People on welfare can earn more money in their jobs — and potentially leave the program — if the trauma they have faced since childhood is addressed, Drexel University research shows.