Chronic arsenic exposure has been well studied and evaluated in the context of adult disease; however, little is known about the contribution of fetal arsenic exposure to disease onset and progression. Several studies established a strong association between chronic arsenic exposure and an increased prevalence of hypertension, atherosclerosis, and ischemic heart disease-related mortalities
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researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) discovered a potential treatment target to prevent chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients from developing thrombosis (blood clots) without causing bleeding complications. The study was published in the Science Translational Medicine
A new study has shown that HIV-infected women do not use statins as recommended by the most recent guidelines. Control of blood lipid levels to prevent heart disease is especially important in HIV-positive women, and they may also benefit from the potential anti-inflammatory effects of statins, as described in an article published in AIDS Patient Care and STDs.
In a new study, researchers have found that anticonvulsants and triptans for a menstrual migraine (MM) were less frequently prescribed by primary care physicians (PCPs) compared with speciality care physicians. There were no significant differences in the prescription patterns of beta-blockers and antidepressants between PCPs and speciality care physicians. These findings could help address prescription patterns of preventive medications for a migraine in primary care settings.
It's known that use of the birth control pill is tied to lower odds for ovarian cancer, but the new study, published in the journal JAMA Oncology shows the benefit extends to smokers or women who are obese.
Thomas Jefferson University have found that genomic analysis using next generation sequencing ( NGS ), can identify infecting organisms in over 80% of cases of infected joint replacement that had previously escaped detection. The research was published in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.
According to a review published in the journal of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society, for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), higher positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels are not likely to improve clinical outcomes.
In this study, researchers declared that antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health issue. To minimize this threat to astronauts, who may be immunocompromised and thus at a greater risk of infection from antimicrobial resistant pathogens, a comprehensive study of the ISS “resistome’ was conducted. Using whole genome sequencing (WGS) and disc diffusion antibiotic resistance assays, 9 biosafety level 2 organisms isolated from the ISS were assessed for their antibiotic resistance.
According to the Norwegian scientists report, while it is thought to have killed between 30-60% of Europe's population, but the Black Death plague may not have been spread by flea-infested rats. The study was published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
A new study published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons has revealed that total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) is a durable treatment for selected chronic pancreatitis patients. The most significant finding is that patients with genetic pancreatitis have superior outcomes and clearly benefit from TPIAT.
Researchers demonstrated the combined positron emission tomography / computed tomography ( PET / CT ) scanning early in treatment could identify whether the therapy will benefit a particular patient. As the therapy has potentially serious side effects, early determination of ineffectiveness could avert unnecessary risk exposure and provide the option of a different treatment.
An unusual autoimmune disease that causes skin and lung damage can be treated effectively by stem cell transplant, a new study in the New England Journal of Medicine has found. The approach could represent the first new treatment to improve survival in patients with severe scleroderma in more than four decades.