All news from Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

World’s Deadliest Toxin: New source Discovered

Researchers from the Quadram Institute have identified genes encoding a previously undiscovered version of the botulinum neurotoxin in bacteria from a cow's gut. This is the first time that an intact cluster of genes for making botulinum neurotoxin has been found outside of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum or its close relatives, and only the second report of a new botulinum toxin in the past 40 years.

Brain Wiring Diagrams Created With The aid of New Technology

Caltech researchers have developed a method to easily see neural connections and the flow of communications in real time within living flies. The work is a step forward toward creating a map of the entire fly brain's many connections, which could help scientists understand the neural circuits within human brains as well. The study is published in the journal eLife.