All news from Anaesthesiology

The link between childhood trauma, a faulty stress response and suicide risk in later life

When people experience stress, the adrenal glands that sit on top of the kidneys release a steroid hormone called cortisol. However, our latest study shows that people who have experienced high levels of trauma in childhood, and who have attempted suicide, tend to release less cortisol when put under stress. These findings build on our earlier work that showed that the stress response system may be "faulty" or "damaged" in people who have recently tried to take their own life.

iPS cell technology: Mechanisms of Longevity and Related Diseases elucidated

Regenerative medicine is a broad term used to describe approaches to repair or replace damaged or diseased human cells or tissues. This can be achieved through a variety of approaches, including the use of stem cells and stimulating the body's own repair mechanisms. Due to its wide implications in science, technology, and ethics, regenerative medicine has attracted the attention of a multitude of 'stakeholders' from scientists and physicians to those involved in ethical, legal and social implications (ELSI).

A One-two-three Punch for Pancreatic Tumors

One of the many difficult things about pancreatic cancer is that tumors are resistant to most treatments because of their unique density and cell composition. However, a new study published in journal Gut found that a three-drug combination can simultaneously target the cancer cells as well as the other harmful, inflammatory cells within the tumor, to improve survival.

Pediatric Acute Respiratory Infections: Past Exposures Shape Immune Response

Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) are the leading global cause of death in early childhood, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Lower respiratory tract infections, including bronchiolitis and viral and bacterial pneumonia, take a toll on children's health, too, causing the majority of pediatric hospital admissions for infectious diseases.

Kidney Biopsy Is Now Possible Using A Computer Model

A new study identifies from a computer model, where the ability to quantify the extent of kidney damage and predict the life remaining in the kidney, using an image obtained at the time when a patient visits the hospital for a kidney biopsy, now is possible using a computer model based on artificial intelligence (AI). These findings appear in the journal Kidney International Reports, can help make predictions at the point-of-care and assist clinical decision-making.

Immune Cells Keep Gut Fungi in Control; Study Found

According to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine scientists, they identified that Immune cells that process food and bacterial antigens in the intestines control the intestinal population of fungi. Defects in the fungus-fighting abilities of these cells may contribute to some cases of Crohn's disease and other forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study has been published in Science.