Human populations have always been exposed to ionizing radiation, and more so in modern life due to its use in medicine, industry and the armed forces. Whilst the risks to human health from medium and high-level radiation are relatively well-understood, the risks at lower levels are less clear. A new study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society revealed that health risks associated with low-level exposure to ionizing radiation are less pronounced compared to other lifestyle factors such as obesity, smoking and air pollution.
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Sedentary older adults who start exercising may not reduce their risk of becoming frail, but they may experience less disability, according to a new study published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Microscopic yeasts have been wreaking havoc in hospitals around the world – creeping into catheters, ventilator tubes, and IV lines – and causing deadly invasive infection. One culprit species, Candida auris, is resistant to many antifungals, meaning once a person is infected, there are limited treatment options. But in a recent Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy study, confirmed a new drug compound kills drug-resistant C. auris, both in the laboratory and in a mouse model that mimics human infection.
The study, titled "Impact of Seminal Plasma Zinc and Serum Zinc Level on Semen Parameter of Fertile and Infertile Males," was done at the Center for Assisted Reproduction, a tertiary infertility center and at the Biochemistry Department of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU).
It is well known that healthy eating increases our general sense of wellbeing. In the recent study published in Nature Communications, researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have discovered that a fibre-rich diet can have a positive influence on chronic inflammatory joint diseases, leading to stronger bones.
Using cell salvage, the reinfusion of red blood cells lost during surgery, did not lead on average to a statistically significant reduction in the rates of blood transfusion needed by all women undergoing caesarean section, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine by Khalid Khan from Queen Mary University of London, UK, and colleagues.
Both the etiology and demographics of podoconiosis, a non-infectious disease which causes massive swelling of the legs, are poorly understood. To help contribute to the global atlas of podoconiosis knowledge, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have now described the distribution of podoconiosis in Cameroon.
Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) can stably suppress essential tremor (ET) long-term, according to 2-year follow-up data from a multinational study, published in the Annals of Neurology.
Most lesbian and bisexual girls don't know they can get sexually transmitted infections (STIs) from other girls, because sex education is mostly designed for their straight peers. This knowledge gap could be placing them at increased risk for getting STIs.
When a seriously injured child arrives at the trauma center at Orlando Health Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children, the patient's parents are ushered into the trauma room alongside the medical team. The policy to allow parents to be present during care is not the norm among pediatric trauma centers, but a new national survey by Orlando Health shows that the vast majority of people think it should be. The survey found 90% agree that parents should be able to stay with their child during treatment for a life-threatening injury or condition.
Since 2014, all 50 states and the District of Columbia have enacted one or more traumatic brain injury (TBI) laws, more commonly known as concussion laws. These laws often include mandates to remove athletes from play following an actual or suspected concussion, requirements to be cleared to return to play, and annual education of coaches, parents, and/or athletes regarding concussion signs or symptoms.
According to a collaborative study led by assistant professor Dr. Jürgen Knobloch from the Bergmannsheil University Hospital in Bochum, the new substances may potentially constitute a breakthrough in the treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The study was published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.