An acute viral infection usually results in full recovery and effective immune memory, but chronic viruses evade the immune system and remain permanently in the host's body. Treating such viruses is a difficult task, as the molecular events during the development of a chronic infection remain largely elusive. So a new study published in PLOS Pathogens made an important contribution to the understanding of chronic viral infections.
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According to a new study published in JAMA Surgery, older people have higher rates of complications from surgery compared to younger adults. However, many problems can be avoided by intervening with assessments and risk-reduction strategies before, during and after procedures.
A research team led by University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children's Hospital videotaped 237 mothers and children who were seated alone in a room and presented with different types of foods, including chocolate cupcakes. The study findings were published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.
In this research study, Spaceflight is known to affect immune cell populations. Splenic B cell numbers decrease during spaceflight and in ground-based physiological models. Although antibody isotype changes have been assessed during and after space flight, an extensive characterization of the impact of spaceflight on antibody composition has not been conducted in mice. Next Generation Sequencing and bioinformatic tools are now available to assess antibody repertoires.
According to this study, a widespread occurrence of middle-ear disease and the difficulty of accurately identifying the cause of conductive hearing loss, non-invasive, cost-effective diagnostic tools that reliably distinguish among middle-ear pathologies would be valuable. It supports in better selection of cases for surgery, surgical preparation, patient counselling, as well as help prevent unnecessary surgeries.
To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions. It bases its recommendations on the evidence of both the benefits and harms of the service and an assessment of the balance. The USPSTF does not consider the costs of providing a service in this assessment.
Researchers showed that people with voice disorders frequently present to speech-language pathology and otolaryngology clinics with complaints of irritating laryngeal sensations. These sensations range from burning or pain to an irritating tickle. In response to these patient complaints, SLPs and ENTs discuss the type of sensation, location of sensation, and possible causes of the sensation with the patient.
For people who are in the workforce already, the added burden of unpaid caregiving for a family member or loved one may lead to insomnia and other sleep issues, according to a study published in the journal Sleep.
Researchers examined and found, in hypertensive patients, blood pressure (BP) control is best achieved through multilevel, multicomponent strategies that include physician- and nonphysician-led interventions, results of a comparative effectiveness analysis suggest. This study got published in the Medscape Cardiology.
Researcher from the University of Queensland Associate Professor Bruno van Swinderen, and his team had overturned previous understanding of what general anaesthetics do to the brain, finding the drugs did much more than induce sleep. A new understanding of the complex ways in which general anaesthetics act on the brain could eventually lead to improved drugs for surgery.